Flashcards in Vascular problems/PAD Deck (14):
What are the 2 acute arterial ischemic disorders?
Buerger's and Raynaud's
What is Buerger's disease?
Inflamed vessels that may block blood flow
What does Buerger's disease effect?
small and medium arteries in arm and legs
What can Buerger's disease be confused with?
What is Allen's test?
Used to diagnose Buerger's disease
-press/block, release one side to see blood flow
Prevention of Buerger's disease
Stay out of cold
No use of vasoconstrictors
Meticulous wound care
What is Raynaud's disease?
Vasospasms of small arteries in areas that stick out
What body parts are usually effected by Raynaud's disease?
Who does Buerger's disease effect?
Usually young male smokers, ages 20-40
Who does Raynaud's disease effect?
Mostly in females, ages 15-40
Why does Raynaud's disease occur?
Stimulation to SNS
Overreaction to cold and/or stress
-when body is cold, slows blood supply to extremities
What is Raynaud's phenomenon caused by?
Varied conditions or reactions to drugs that confine or constrict vessels
Other disorders than can occur with Raynaud's phenomenon