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Flashcards in Vascular problems/PAD Deck (14):
1

What are the 2 acute arterial ischemic disorders?

Buerger's and Raynaud's

2

What is Buerger's disease?

Inflamed vessels that may block blood flow

3

What does Buerger's disease effect?

small and medium arteries in arm and legs

4

What can Buerger's disease be confused with?

PAD

5

What is Allen's test?

Used to diagnose Buerger's disease

-press/block, release one side to see blood flow

6

Prevention of Buerger's disease

Stay out of cold
Protect fingers/toes
NO tobacco
No use of vasoconstrictors
Meticulous wound care
Dental visits

7

What is Raynaud's disease?

Vasospasms of small arteries in areas that stick out

8

What body parts are usually effected by Raynaud's disease?

Fingers
Toes
Nose
Ears

9

Who does Buerger's disease effect?

Usually young male smokers, ages 20-40

10

Who does Raynaud's disease effect?

Mostly in females, ages 15-40

11

Why does Raynaud's disease occur?

Stimulation to SNS
Overreaction to cold and/or stress
-when body is cold, slows blood supply to extremities

12

What is Raynaud's phenomenon caused by?

Varied conditions or reactions to drugs that confine or constrict vessels

13

Other disorders than can occur with Raynaud's phenomenon

Migraines
Angina
Pulmonary HTN

14

What is thrombophelbitis?

Formation of blood clots and inflammation of blood vessel occurring together