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Flashcards in Verbs Deck (16):
1

बोलना

To Speak

2

सोना

To Sleep

3

खाना

To Eat

4

सीखना

To Learn

5

जाना

To Go

6

The ROOT of a verb

Is simply it’s infinitive form with the ना naa at the end removed.
For example: the root of सीखना is सीख and the root of आना is आ.

7

The Present Tense

It’s simply sentences like ‘I eat’, ‘He reads’, ‘They drink’, they show a present action! The Present Tense shows something is happening now - in the ‘present’ and not in the Past or in the Future!

8

चलना

To Walk

9

पीना

To Drink

10

Present Tense Rules

● When the Subject is Masculine Singular (that is when it’s just one person and it’s a male) then we add ता to the verb root. (मैं सीखता हूँ) I learn (male speaking)
● When the Subject is Masculine Plural (that’s when it’s a group of males or a group of mixed gender) we add ते to the verb root. (वे चलते हैं) They walk (males/mixed group)
● Finally when the Subject is Feminine Singular or Plural (that is when it’s just one female or a group of females) we add ती to the verb root! (वे पढ़ती हैं or वह पढ़ती है) They read (group of females) She reads (single female)

11

प्यार करना

To Love

12

लिखना

To Write

13

सोचना

To Think

14

The Present Continuous Sense

Sentences that include ‘-ing’ to show something is happening now!
Examples : ‘I am eating’, ‘They are running’, ‘Mohit is going’.

15

Making a Verb Present Continuous Tense

When we want to make Hindi sentence in the Present Continuous Tense (that’s basically just adding ‘-ing’) we use the verb root followed by either...
● रिा rahaa is the subject is Masculine and Singular,
● रिे rahe if the subject is Masculine and Plural,
● रिी rahee if the subject is Feminine.

16

पढ़ना

To Read or To Study