Flashcards in Verbs Deck (16):
The ROOT of a verb
Is simply it’s infinitive form with the ना naa at the end removed.
For example: the root of सीखना is सीख and the root of आना is आ.
The Present Tense
It’s simply sentences like ‘I eat’, ‘He reads’, ‘They drink’, they show a present action! The Present Tense shows something is happening now - in the ‘present’ and not in the Past or in the Future!
Present Tense Rules
● When the Subject is Masculine Singular (that is when it’s just one person and it’s a male) then we add ता to the verb root. (मैं सीखता हूँ) I learn (male speaking)
● When the Subject is Masculine Plural (that’s when it’s a group of males or a group of mixed gender) we add ते to the verb root. (वे चलते हैं) They walk (males/mixed group)
● Finally when the Subject is Feminine Singular or Plural (that is when it’s just one female or a group of females) we add ती to the verb root! (वे पढ़ती हैं or वह पढ़ती है) They read (group of females) She reads (single female)
The Present Continuous Sense
Sentences that include ‘-ing’ to show something is happening now!
Examples : ‘I am eating’, ‘They are running’, ‘Mohit is going’.
Making a Verb Present Continuous Tense
When we want to make Hindi sentence in the Present Continuous Tense (that’s basically just adding ‘-ing’) we use the verb root followed by either...
● रिा rahaa is the subject is Masculine and Singular,
● रिे rahe if the subject is Masculine and Plural,
● रिी rahee if the subject is Feminine.