Verbs: Infinitives Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Verbs: Infinitives Deck (14)
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1

(Adv) Complementary

"Completes" the verbal idea of another verb.

2

(Adv) Purpose

Communicates the goal or intent of an action or state expressed by the controlling verb.

3

(Adv) Result

Communicates the actual or conceived result of an action or state expressed by the controlling verb.

4

(Adv) Temporal - Previous Time

The action of the infinitive occurs before the action of the controlling verb (μετα το + infinitive).

5

(Adv) Temporal - Contemporaneous Time

The action of the infinitive occurs simultaneously with the action of the controlling verb (ἐν τῳ + infinitive).

6

(Adv) Temporal - Subsequent Time

The action of the infinitive occurs after the action of the controlling verb (προ του or πριν [ἥ] + infinitive).

7

(Adv) Cause

Communicates the reason or ground for the action of the controlling verb, answering "Why?" (δια το + infinitive).

8

(Adv) Means

Conveys the way in which the action of the controlling verb is performed, answering "How?" (ἐν τῳ + infinitive).

9

(Sub) Subject)

Functions as the subject (or predicate nominative) of a finite verb.

10

(Sub) Direct Object

Functions as the direct object of a finite verb.

11

(Sub) Indirect Discourse

Used with verbs of speaking or perception to communicate indirect discourse.

12

(Sub) Explanatory

Further defines, clarifies or qualifies a noun or adjective.

13

Imperatival

Functions as an imperative (or hortatory subjunctive).

14

Absolute

Functions independently of the rest of the sentence, having no syntactical relation to other words or phrases.