Flashcards in Verbs: Participles Deck (17)
Modifies an expressed noun (agreeing with it in gender, case, and number) and usually has a definite article.
Usually has a definite article but becomes a virtual noun (substantive).
Perfective Aspect: The aorist participle communicates perfect aspect, depicting an action as simply occurring or having occurred.
Imperfective Aspect: The present participle communicates imperfective aspect, portraying an action as ongoing.
Answers the question "How?" the main verb was accomplished (add "by" or "by means of").
Answers the question "How?" the main verb was performed and is often translated as an adverb.
Answers the question "Why?" providing the cause, reason, or grounds by which an action is accomplished (add "because," "since," or "for").
The participial phrase functions as the protasis ("if" clause) of a conditional statement (add "if").
The action of the main verb takes place in spite of the circumstances related to the participle (add "although," "even though," or "though").
Indicates the purpose of the main verb's action (add "in order to," "so that," or "that").
Indicates the actual result (and not merely the intended result) of the main verb's action (add "so that," "with the result that," or "that").
Coordinate to the main verb, thus taking on the mood of this verb (whether indicative, imperative, or subjunctive).
A special use of the adverbial participle found in the genitive case that provides background information.
The participle functions independently as an imperative.
A redundant expression usually employing ἀποκριθεις or λεγων.
Completes the idea of another (main) verb, usually verbs of completion.
A statement of what someone said. The participle will be in the accusative case and will be anarthrous.