Verbs: Participles Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Verbs: Participles Deck (17)
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1

(Adj) Attributive

Modifies an expressed noun (agreeing with it in gender, case, and number) and usually has a definite article.

2

(Adj) Substantival

Usually has a definite article but becomes a virtual noun (substantive).

3

(Adv) Temporal

Perfective Aspect: The aorist participle communicates perfect aspect, depicting an action as simply occurring or having occurred.
Imperfective Aspect: The present participle communicates imperfective aspect, portraying an action as ongoing.

4

(Adv) Means

Answers the question "How?" the main verb was accomplished (add "by" or "by means of").

5

(Adv) Manner

Answers the question "How?" the main verb was performed and is often translated as an adverb.

6

(Adv) Cause

Answers the question "Why?" providing the cause, reason, or grounds by which an action is accomplished (add "because," "since," or "for").

7

(Adv) Condition

The participial phrase functions as the protasis ("if" clause) of a conditional statement (add "if").

8

(Adv) Concession

The action of the main verb takes place in spite of the circumstances related to the participle (add "although," "even though," or "though").

9

(Adv) Purpose

Indicates the purpose of the main verb's action (add "in order to," "so that," or "that").

10

(Adv) Result

Indicates the actual result (and not merely the intended result) of the main verb's action (add "so that," "with the result that," or "that").

11

Attendant Circumstance

Coordinate to the main verb, thus taking on the mood of this verb (whether indicative, imperative, or subjunctive).

12

Genitive Absolute

A special use of the adverbial participle found in the genitive case that provides background information.

13

Imperatival

The participle functions independently as an imperative.

14

Pleonastic

A redundant expression usually employing ἀποκριθεις or λεγων.

15

Complementary

Completes the idea of another (main) verb, usually verbs of completion.

16

Indirect Discourse

A statement of what someone said. The participle will be in the accusative case and will be anarthrous.

17

Periphrastic

A round-about way of saying something utilizing εἰμι + participle, which could have been said in another tense without εἰμι.
Present=present+present
Imperfect=imperfect+present
Future=future+present
Perfect=present+perfect
Pluperfect=imperfect+perfect
Future Perfect=future+perfect