Flashcards in Vertebral Column Deck (14):
What are the 4 functions of the vertebral column?
1. Stiffens the body axis, contributes to maintenance of posture
2. Facilitates locomotion by flexion, extension and torsion
3. Encloses and protects the spinal cord and accessory structures within the central canal
4. Protects the soft structures of the neck, thorax, abdomen and pelvis
What are the names of the first and second cervical vertebrae?
Atlas and axis
What does the atlanto-occipital joint allow?
(Between atlas and occipital condyles of skull)
Up and down movement of head
Which ligament supports the weight of the head in the dog and horse? Where does it insert?
Inserts onto spine of axis
Which ligament runs from the neck of the rib to the transverse process of the vertebra?
Which ligament runs from the head of the left rib to the head of the right rib through the intervertebral foramen, crossing the floor of the vertebral canal?
What are the 2 types of intervertebral disc herniation?
Hansen type 1= annulus ruptures, extruding the gelatinous centre into the spinal canal
Hansen type 2=annulus thickens and compresses the spinal cord (Wobbler's)
What is the function of the intervertebral discs?
What is distinctive about C7?
No transverse foramen
What is carried in the transverse foramina of vertebrae?
Vertebral vessels and the vertebral nerve/plexus of sympathetic nerve fibres
The vertebral artery is a branch of which artery?
What is different about the lumbar vertebrae in the horse compared to other species?
Why does this difference occur?
Very long transverse processes
Help support the large GI tract
When does the vertebral canal disappear? (Which vertebrae?)