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Flashcards in Vital Signs Deck (47)
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1

Adult Blood Pressure Range

120/80
Systolic < = 120 Diastolic <= 80

2

Infant & Children's Blood Pressure Range

Systolic 80 + 2 x age (yrs) Diastolic ~2/3 systolic

3

Adolescent Blood Pressure Range 11-14

114/76
Systolic 88-120 Diastolic 76

4

School Age Blood Pressure Range 6-10

105/69
Systolic 80 to 115 Diastolic 69

5

Preschool Blood Pressure Range

99/65
Systolic 78 to 104 Diastolic 65

6

Possible Causes of High Blood Pressure

Medical Condition, exertion, fright, emotional distress, excitement

7

Possible Causes of Low Blood Pressure

Athlete or other person with normally low blood
pressure; blood loss; late sign of shock

8

Infant & Children - When to take a blood pressure

Blood pressure is usually not taken on a child under 3 years, although this may vary from system
to system. In cases of blood loss or shock, a child’s blood pressure will remain within normal limits until near the end, then
fall swiftly.

9

What causes dilated pupil

Fright, blood loss, drugs, prescription eye drops

10

What causes constricted pupil

Drugs (narcotics), prescription eye drops

11

What causes Unequal pupils

Stroke, head injury, eye injury, artificial eye, prescription eye drops

12

What causes lack of reactivity in the pupils

Drugs, lack of oxygen to brain

13

Normal Pulse Rate for an Adult

60 to 100

14

Normal Pulse Rate for an Adolescent 11-14

60 to 105

15

Normal Pulse Rate for an School Age

70 to 110

16

Normal Pulse Rate for an Preschooler 3-5

80 to 120

17

Normal Pulse Rate for an Toddler 1-3

80 to 130

18

Normal Pulse Rate for an Infant 6-12 months

80 to 140

19

Normal Pulse Rate for an Infant

90 to 140

20

Normal Pulse Rate for an Newborn

120-160

21

What causes a Rapid, Regular & Full pulse quality

Exertion, fright, fever, high blood pressure, first stage of blood loss

22

What causes a Rapid, Regular & Thready pulse quality

Shock, later stages of blood loss

23

What causes a slow pulse quality

Head injury, drugs, some poisons, some heart problems, lack of oxygen in children

24

What causes no pulse

Cardiac arrest (clinical death)

25

Is a high pulse rate a concern in Infants and children

A high pulse in an infant or child is not as great a concern as a low pulse. A low pulse may indicate
imminent cardiac arrest.

26

What is a normal respiration rate for an adult

12 to 20 Above 24 serious, Below 10 serious

27

What is a normal respiration rate for an Adolescent 11-14

21 to 20

28

What is a normal respiration rate for an School Age 6-10

15-30

29

What is a normal respiration rate for an Preschooler 3-5

20-30

30

What is a normal respiration rate for an Toddler

20-30