Vitamins Flashcards Preview

AS Food Technology > Vitamins > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vitamins Deck (20)
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1
Q
What groups are vitamins grouped into?
A
Water soluble and fat soluble
2
Q
Which vitamins are fat soluble?
A
A,D,E and K
3
Q
Which vitamins are water soluble?
A
B vitamins and C
4
Q
What is the difference between fat soluble and water soluble vitamins?
A
Fat-soluble vitamins can be stored in the body and Water-soluble vitamins cannot be stored in the body and are therefore required daily
5
Q
What is vitamin A needed for?
A
- Normal iron metabolism
- Maintenance of normal vision
- Normal function of immune system
6
Q
Where can vitamin A be obtained from?
A
- Retinol from animal sources
- Carotenoids from plant sources
- Carrots
- Oranges
7
Q
What is vitamin D needed for?
A
- Absorption and use of calcium and phosphorus
- Maintenance of normal teeth and bones
8
Q
Where can vitamin D be obtained from?
A
- Oily fish
- Meat
- Sunlight
-Eggs
- Fortified cereals
9
Q
What is vitamin E needed for?
A
It is an antioxidant and can combine with oxygen and destroy free radicals. It protects polyunsaturated fats and other oxygen-sensitive compounds such as vitamin A from being destroyed by damaging oxidation reactions
10
Q
Where can vitamin E be obtained from?
A
- Hazelnuts
- Brazil nuts
- Almonds
- Corn oil
11
Q
What is vitamin K needed for?
A
Blood clotting and maintaining normal bones
12
Q
Where can vitamin K be obtained from?
A
- Green leafy vegetables
- Green tea
13
Q
What is vitamin C needed for?
A
- Normal functioning of immune system
- Formation of collagen
- Protection of cells from oxidative stress
14
Q
Where can vitamin C be obtained from?
A
- Citrus fruits
- Berries
- Green vegetables
- Peppers
- Tomatoes
15
Q
What is vitamin B 12 needed for?
A
-the producing of energy
-normal growth & development
-formation of red blood cells;
-normal function of the immune system and nervous system;
-normal psychological function.
16
Q
Where can vitamin B 12 be obtained from?
A
B12 include foods of animal origin and through fortification of foods. These include meat, fish, milk, cheese, eggs, yeast extract and fortified breakfast cereals.
17
Q
What is folic acid needed for?
A
- production of normal red blood cells
- normal cell division;
- normal psychological function;
- normal development of the neural tube (which develops into the spinal cord and skull) in the embryo
18
Q
Where can folic acid be obtained from?
A
green leafy vegetables, brown rice, peas, oranges and bananas.
19
Q
What is thiamine needed for?
A
- Healthy nerves and muscle tissue
- Carbohydrates energy release
20
Q
Where can thiamine be obtained from?
A
- Vegetables
- Peas
- Fruit
- Liver