Micronutrients Flashcards Preview

AS Food Technology > Micronutrients > Flashcards

Flashcards in Micronutrients Deck (8)
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1
Q
What are the main groups of micronutrients?
A
Vitamins and minerals/trace elements
2
Q
What are fortified foods?
A
Foods with vitamins added to them, nutrients that are added which were never naturally part of the food
3
Q
What is meant by enriching foods?
A
Replacing original nutrients after they have been lost during processing
4
Q
Which foods contain the highest level of nutrients?
A
Fully ripe fruit and vegetables
5
Q
What methods can be used to preserve the vitamin content of food?
A
- Freezing foods
- Storing Foods in a cool, dark place prevents nutrient loss as some vitamins are light sensitive, or will degrade at warm temperatures
- Cooking: it is best to keep cooking times to a minimum, cook until Al dente. And, avoid boiling veg in large amounts of water because vitamins will leach out into the water
6
Q
What are vitamins?
A
Any of a group of organic compounds which are essential for normal growth and nutrition and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body.
7
Q
What are minerals?
A
A solid, naturally occurring inorganic substance.
8
Q
What are food additives?
A
A substance added to food to enhance its flavour or appearance or to preserve it i.e. prevent the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria