Vitamins And Minerals Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vitamins And Minerals Deck (21):
1

What does iron form

Haemoglobin

2

What do red blood cells carry round the body

Oxygen where it helps release energy

3

What does iron prevent

Anaemia

4

How do u feel and look if you have Anamia

Tired and pale

5

What are the two types of Iron found in food

Haem iron and non haem iron

6

Describe haem iron

Easy to absorb
Similar to the iron in our blood
Usually found in animal foods( not eggs )

7

Describe non haem iron

Cannot be absorbed by the body
Found in some plant

8

Give examples of Haem Iron

Beef
Poultry
Fish
Pork
Liver

9

Examples of Non haem iron

Eggs
Nuts
Dried fruit
Green leafy veg
Fortified breakfast cereals

10

What infection does vitamin C help you avoid

Scurvy
And more serious diseases like coronary heart disease and cancer

11

Give examples of Vitamin C

Citrus fruits
Berries
Kiwi
Cabbage and broccoli
Peppers

12

What does Calcium help form

Strong bones and teeth and maintain strong bones and teeth in adults

13

Name sources of calcium

Milk/ 200ml glass
Yogurt/ 150g pot
Cheese/ 30g small match box

14

Name sources of calcium that are not dairy

Tinned fish with bones
White bread
Dark or green veg
Pulses
Soya milk

15

Give examples of sources of Vitamin D

Cheese
Eggs
Oily fish

16

What does Vitamin D do

Allows the body to absorb and use calcium
It then works with calcium to form and maintain strong bones and teeth

17

What disease occurs mainly in elderly women when calcium leaves the bones

Osteoporosis

18

What disease occurs in children with a bone disease from lack of calcium

Rickets

19

What is the disease which occurs mainly in developing countries and it is caused by protein deficiency

Kwashiorkor

20

What disease occurred amongst sailors and pirates who sailed for longer than fruit and veg could be kept

Scurvy

21

What is the proper name for Vitamin D

Cholecalciferol