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Flashcards in Vocab Deck (68):
1

Oedema

Fluid in the tissues

2

Aetiology

the cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a disease or condition (the reason why)

3

Afferent

conducting inward or toward something (for nerves, the CNS, for blood vessels, the organ supplied.

4

Efferent

conducting outward or away from something (for nerves, the CNS, for blood vessels, the organ supplied)

5

Polypnoea

rapid breathing; panting

6

Oligopnoea

abnormally infrequent respiration

7

Dyspnoea

difficulty in breathing or in catching the breath

8

Apnoea

a temporary suspension of breathing, occurring in some newborns and in some adults during sleep

9

Catarrh

inflammation of and discharge from am mucous membrane (ex. inside of the nose)

10

Bifurcation

the part of a structure where a separation into two branches occurs

11

Toxaemia

a disease caused by toxins that are produced by abnormal metabolism or bacteria and released into the bloodstream

12

Diffusion

to spread

13

Auscultation

the act of listening to the sounds produced by the body, often with a stethoscope

14

Pleura

the membrane that lines the inner surface of the chest cavity and the outer surface of the lungs

15

Empyema

an accumulation of pus within a body cavity

16

Stenosis

an abnormally narrowed opening or channel

17

Hypovolaemic Shock

inadequate delivery of oxygen to tissues caused by profuse blood of fluid loss, which may result in organ failure or death. Treatment can include fluid and oxygen therapy, blood transfusions, corticosteriods, stopping the loss of fluid or blood and medication to increase blood prssure.

18

Laminitis

inflammation and degeneration of the connection between the layers that connect the hoof wall with the deeper tissues of the foot

19

Acute

describes a condition in which symptoms develop quickly, usually over the course of a day or two

20

Shock

a potential outcome of different disorders that all cause inadequate delivery of oxygen to tissues. Shock may lead to organ failure and death

21

Anaphylactic Shock

an extreme allergic reaction that can cause difficulty in breathing, low blood pressure, collapse and death. Immediate treatment with epinephrine and diphenhydramine can be life saving

22

Hepatitis

inflammation of the liver, which can be caused by infections, toxins, parasites, genetic factor and drugs

23

Hepatic

pertaining to the liver

24

Chyme

the partially digested mix of food, fluid and digestive secretion that leaves the stomach and enters the small intestines

25

Peristalsis

rhythmic contractions of the gastrointestinal tract, which move ingesta from the esophagus towards the anus.

26

Metabolism

the body processes that combine to digest and absorb nutrients, eliminate waste and produce energy for growth and maintenance of tissues

27

Enteritis

inflammations of the intestinal tract that may be caused by infection, parasites, immune disease, dietary indiscretion, drugs or allergies

28

Peritoneum

the membrane that lines the inner surface of the abdominal wall

29

Lipoma

a tumor of fat cels that is benign but can cause problems depending on its size and location

30

Anemia

a lower than normal number of red blood cells in circulation. Anemia can be caused by blood loss and destruction or lack of production of red blood cells. Animals that are anemic often have pale mucous membranes, rapid breathing, fast heart rates and are lethargic and weak

31

Suppuration

production of pus

32

Serum

the liquid part of blood that is present after clotting has occurred and the cells are removed

33

Cyst

a hollow structure that is filled with a liquid or other substance

34

Osmosis

the tendency of a fluid, usually water, to pass through a semipermeable membrane into a solution where the solvent concentration is higher, thus equalizing the concentrations of materials on either side of the membrane

35

Trauma

damage to the body tissues that is caused by forces originating from outside the body

36

Epiglottis

a flap of cartilage covered with mucous membrane that is located at the back of the mouth. The epiglottis prevents material from entering the windpipe when an animal eats or drinks and allows free flow of air during breathing

37

Mediastinum

the central portion of the chest that is surrounded by the lungs and contains the heart, trachea, esophagus, thymus, lymph nodes, large blood vessels and other structures

38

Necrosis

death and degeneration of the cells within a tissue, which can have many causes including trauma and deficient blood supply

39

Hydrostatic Pressure

the pressure exerted by a fluid at equilibrium at a given point within the fluid, due to the force of gravity. Hydrostatic pressure increases in proportion to depth measured from the surface because of the increasing weight of fluid exerting downward force from above

40

Lymphocytes

a type of white blood cell that produces antibodies or other wise aids in the normal functioning of the immune system

41

Leucocyte

a type of cell that identifies and removes potentially harmful organisms or other substances from the body

42

Macrophages

a type of cell that is located within tissues and removes microorganisms, abnormal cells and debris

43

Endothelium

the tissues lining the inside of the cornea, heart, blood vessels or other structures

44

Remodeling

is the replacement of old bone tissue by new bone tissue

45

Innominate Bone

the bone formed from the fusion of the ilium, ischium, and pubis; the hipbone

46

Ankylosis

a partial or complete fusion of a joint, which limits its range of motion. Ankylosis can be caused by severe osteoarthristis

47

Adhesion

an abnormal connection that can develop between two tissues after surgery or injury. Adhesions may develop in the abdomen preventing normal intestinal function or in a tendon sheath causing lameness

48

Localized

affecting only a limited area

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Generalized

involving the whole body or body part or occurring in many situations

50

Chronic

describes a long lasting condition

51

Flaccid

soft and weak

52

Coordination

proper order

53

Lordosis

an abnormal forward curvature of the spine in the lumbar region, resulting in a swaybacked posture

54

Convex

describes a structure that is bowed outward to form a rounded surface

55

Concave

describes a structure that is inwardly depressed to form a dish like surface

56

Glander

a contagious disease chiefly of horses and mules but communicable to humans, caused by bacterium Pseudomonas Mallei and characterized by swellings beneath the jaw and a profuse mucous discharge from the nostrols

57

Condyle

a rounded, protruding end of a bone included in a joint

58

Congenital

describing a quality that is present at birth

59

Contusion

a dark discolouration of a tissue caused by leakage of blood from ruptured vessels, secondary to a traumatic injury. Also called bruise and eechymosis

60

Contraindication

describes a therapy or procedure that should not be preformed under the circumstances because of the strong likelihood of an unwanted outcome

61

Osteoblast

a cell from which bone develops; a bone forming cells

62

Fibroblast

a cell that can mature into the cells that from connective tissue

63

Osteomyelitis

infection and inflammation of bone

64

Viscid

having an adhesive quality

65

Axis

the second vertebra in the spinal column int he upper neck. Also a line through the centre of a structure

66

Nodule

a small rounded mass of tisse

67

Spondylitis

infection and inflammation of a vertebra

68

Spondylosis

an abnormal bony growth off the spinal column that can become large enough to fuse the joints adjacent vertebra. Spondylosis often is caused by aging and injury. Some cases may cause pain or neurologic problems, if nearby nerves are affected. Treatment can include anti-inflammatories and pain relievers