Vocab 30-58 Flashcards Preview

AP Lang > Vocab 30-58 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocab 30-58 Deck (29):
1

Litotes

Understatement in which the affirmative is stated in a negative way "his victory was no small accomplishment"

2

Loose sentence

A type of sentence in which the main idea comes first followed by phrases and clauses

3

Malapropism

The "mistaken" substitution of one word for another word that sounds similar

4

Maxim

A concise statement often offering advice

5

Metaphor

A direct comparison between two different things, not using like or as

6

Metonymy

A term that is substituted for another with which it is closely related "by the sweat of ones brow-hard labor"

7

Narrative

Writing concerned with relating an event or series of events

8

Non sequitor

An inference that does not follow logically from the premises

9

Oxymoron

Conjoining contradictory terms "deafening silence"

10

Parable

A simple story that illustrates a moral or religious lesson

11

Paradox

An apparently contradictory statement that actually contains some truth

12

Parallelism

Using the same pattern of words, phrases, or clauses in a sentence

13

Parody

A work of art that imitates either the style or subject of an artist to ridicule, criticism, or tribute

14

Pathos

The quality of work that makes the author feel pity

15

Pedantic

Excessive display of learning or scholarship

16

Periodic sentence

A sentence that presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end. The independent clause is preceded by a phrase or clause that cannot stand alone.

17

Polemic

A passionate speech or essay that argues against someone or something in order to create controversy.

18

Polysyndeton

The use of more conjunctions than necessary or normal

19

Rhetorical question

A question asked for rhetorical affect, not requiring an answer

20

Rhetorical shift

A significant alteration of diction, syntax, or point of view in a work

21

Satire

A work that targets human vices or follies or social institutions and conventions in hopes of reforming, or at least ridiculing. Satire is more finely nuanced and comprehensive then parody.

22

Simple sentence

A sentence consisting of one independent clause

23

Syllogism/syllogistic reasoning

A deductive reasoning system that presents 2 premises (major and minor) that lead to a valid conclusion

24

Synecdoche

Related to metonymy--an actual part is substituted for a whole

25

Synesthesia

Describing ones sensory experience in terms of another

26

Syntax

The structure or word order of a sentence or series of sentences

27

Tautology

Needless repetition which adds no meaning or understanding

28

Understatement

The deliberate representation of something as lesser in magnitude than it actually is

29

Vernacular

Yeh everyday speech of a particular country or region, often involving nonstandard usage