Vocab 1-29 Flashcards Preview

AP Lang > Vocab 1-29 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocab 1-29 Deck (29):
1

Absolutes

Terms free from limitations or controls: all, best, everyone, unique

2

Adage

A proverb or wise saying, aphorism, epigram

3

Allegory

A literary work with two layers of meaning- literal and symbolic, used to teach morals or criticize society

4

Allusion

A reference to a literary, religious, mythological, or historical work or person that the author assumes the reader will recognize

5

Analogy

The extended comparison of two things that are not alike, like an extended metaphor/simile but used for an argument

6

Anecdote

A brief narrative/retelling of a story/event based usually on a speakers own experience

7

Antithesis

The contrast of ideas by means of parallel arrangement of words, phrases, or clauses: we must learn to live together as brothers or perish together as fools

8

Aphorism

A concisely phrased or pithy statement of truth or opinion, a saying/adage/epigram

9

Apostrophe

The addressing of an inanimate object as though it were human

10

Asyndeton

The omission of conjunctions between words, phrases, or clauses: "he was smart, kind, handy, all around a great man"

11

Balanced sentence

A sentence in which words, phrases, or clauses are set against each other to emphasize a contrast: light is faster but we are safer

12

Chiasmus

A statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed: Susan walked in, out rushed Mary

13

Colloquialism

Informal words or expressions- slang- not appropriate in formal writing

14

Complex sentence

A sentence with an independent and dependent clause: Even though he was rich, he was unhappy

15

Compound sentence

A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses, often joined by a conjunction: I want to go to work but I am too sick to drive

16

Cumulative sentence

A sentence where the main independent clause is elaborated by the successive addition of modifying clauses or phrases

17

Diction

Word choices by the speaker/writer

18

Didactic

Intended to instruct/teach, often excessively

19

Elegy

A thoughtful poem lamenting a death

20

Epithet

Pointing out a characteristic of a person, Homeric become part of a name, can be offensive

21

Epigram

A brief, pithy, or paradoxical saying, often in written form

22

Eulogy

A speech praising a person who had died

23

Euphemism

Polite phrase used in place of something vulgar

24

Figurative launguage

Language employing one or more figures of speech

25

Homily/sermon

A speech delivered at a religious gathering meant to instruct in doctrine and practices

26

Hyperbole

An exaggeration or overstatement

27

Irony

The use of words to convey their opposite meaning

28

Isocolon

Use of parallel structures the same length in successive clauses

29

Juxtaposition

Placing two elements side by side to present a comparison or contrast