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Flashcards in Vocab Deck (22)
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1

Archaebacteria

"ancient" bacteria; tend to exist in extreme environments where nothing else can live

2

Thermophiles

extreme heat

3

Cryophiles

extreme cold

4

Methanogens

anerobic decomposers that produce methane

5

coccus/cocci

round/spherical

6

bacillus/bacilli

rod, cylindrical, rectangular, hot dog shaped

7

spirochetes

spiral

8

diplo

two, pairs

9

staphylo

groups/clusters

10

strepto

chains

11

Binary fission

copies of DNA move to opposite ends and cell splits; simpler than eukaryotic mitosis; produces clone cells

12

Transformation

taking in DNA from the environment

13

Conjugation

trading plasmids via pili

14

Endospores

"resting" cell form in which DNA is surrounded by a thick protective coat that can last through heat, cold, drought, lack of food, and many poisons for long periods of time

15

Photoautotrophs

plants

16

Chemoheterotrophs

animals and fungi

17

Pathogens

micro organisms that cause disease

18

Vector

an organism that transmits a pathogen

19

Lytic Cycle

creates new viruses

20

Lysogenic Cycle

incorporates DNA into cell

21

Viruses

short piece of DNA/RNA surrounded by a protein coat and an outer membrane

22

Retroviruses

contain RNA, not DNA, reverse transcribes