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Flashcards in Vocab Deck (88):
1

Addison's Disease

Adrenal glands do not produce enough hormones. CBy immune system attacking itself(auto immune), hemmorhage, TB, HIV, infection

2

SCLERLALICTERUS

yellowing of the sclera (whites of eyes)

3

Karposis Sarcoma

Cancerous tumor of the connective tissue, now often associated with AIDS. Blueish red or purple bumps on the skin.Because they are rich in blood vessels.

4

Karposis Sarcoma

Cancerous tumor of the connective tissue, now often associated with AIDS. Blueish red or purple bumps on the skin.Because they are rich in blood vessels.

5

acetazolamide

treats glaucoma and certain types of seizures

6

Acute coronary syndrome

obstruction of the coronary arteries resulting in ST elevation MI, non ST elevation MI, and unstable angina

7

adenosine

treats stable SVT

8

Addison's disease

aka hypoadrenalism and hypocorticoism-insufficient adrenal production of corticosteroids S/S are abdominal pain and weakness which progress to adrenal crisis which can result in low BP and coma

9

Adrenic drug

drugs that stimulate the sympathetic nervous system. dopamine, epinephrine, ephedrine

10

aerobic respiration

form of cellular respiration that requires oxygen

11

ambulance strike team

An Ambulance Strike Team is a group of five ambulances of the same type with common communications and a leader. It provides an operational grouping of ambulances complete with supervisory elements for organization command and control. The strike teams may be all ALS or all BLS.

12

amyl mitrate

vasodilator NITRO

13

angina

poor blood flow that passes through the heart. can be stable or unstable and can pass on its' own described as chest pain

14

assault

threat of violence no physical contact

15

anaerobic respiration

doesn't use oxygen, passive, exhalation

16

anoxia

total depletion of oxygen, an extreme form of hypoxia

17

anti diuretic

drug that help maintain water balance in the body

18

anemia

body does not have enough red blood cells, pt looks pale, easy fatigue, internal hemorrhage

19

aortic aneurysm

stretching of the aorta, think AAA biggest risk is rupture, not many symptoms but usually back pain, abdominal pain, can cause embolisms.

20

apneustic center

promote inspiration of the respiratory cycle by stimulating the medulla oblongata

21

appendectomy

removal of the appendix

22

appendicitis

inflammation of the appendix that can lead to rupture and and peritonitis which is infection of the abdominal cavity that can cause death of not treated aggressively with anti biotics

23

arachnoid matter

middle of the two membranes that attaches and cover the brain and spinal cord most delicate

24

arterial blood gas

measures the Pa of blood . PaO2(arterial oxygen tension) and PaCO2 (carbod dioxide tension) and pH

25

atrial tachycardia

SVT

26

ascites

accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity(abdominal cavity) Caused by cirrhosis of the liver or cancer

27

asthma

is a disorder that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow, leading to wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing.

28

Atelectasis

collapse or closure (can be partial) of the lung. Aveoli are collapsed and the is little or no gas exchange

29

babinski reflex/sign

a reflex action of the toes, indicative of abnormalities in the motor control pathways leading from the cerebral cortex.A normal reaction is slight flexion of the toes. In a positive sign, the toes extend; seen with upper motor neuron lesions.



30

battery

use of force against another

31

battle signs

racoon eyes and bruising/echymosis behind the ears. indicates a skull fracture and possible brain damage

32

betablocker

treat high blood pressure, glaucoma, and migraines. atenolol, metoprolol, drugs that it in -lol

33

betablocker overdose

s/s low blood pressure, dizziness, light headedness, breathing trouble, no breathing, convulsions, irregular heartbeat, excessive fever, sweating, blurred vision and double vision

34

beta adrenergic sign drug

beta blockers

35

bertylium

antiarythimic-used for v-tach and v-fib

36

bronchioles

bronchioles then aveloi

37

calcium chloride

Hyperkalemia, Hypocalcemia, Hypermagnesmia, Calcium Channel Blocker Toxicity

38

cardiac contusion

trauma car accidents, cpr, hit by car, fall from height of 20+ S/S-pn in ribs/breast bone, racing heart,lightheaded/dizzy, SOB, N/V, weakness

39

clonic phase

-convulsion stage of the seizure-eyes roll back-tonuge gets lacerations, cyanotic lips,

40

tonic phase

shortest phase-LOC, muscles will tense towards or away from body causing a fall sometimes a gasp or yell as air is forcibly expelled from lungs.

41

aura phase

lightheadeness of dizziness, partial LOC, repetetive actions lip smacking or picking at clothes. Can last minutes or hours

42

cribbing

chocks for tires and proping up vehicles.

43

Cricoid pressure

pressure to the cricoid cartilage to help visualize the cords and or to prevent regurgitation

44

chrons disease

inflammatory bowel disease that usually affects the intestines but can occur anywhere from mouth to the rectum

45

Cholecystitis

inflammation of the gallbladder resulting in RUQ pain

46

clubbed fingers

nail or finger clubbing due to chronic low Oxygen levels in the blood. Caused by heart or respiratory disease

47

combi tube

dual lumen airway used with blind insertion

48

cushings triad

high BP, bradycardia and irregular respirations

49

aDeep vein thrombosis

formation of a blood clot in a deep vein, usually in the legs.

50

diabetic ketoacidosis

diabetics can use sugar(glucose) as a fuel source. Therefore fat is used instead.

51

Digital Pressure

aka pressure points-places to apply pressure where the artery crosses a bone. Helps to slow bleeding where wounds are not easily controlled. Use with elevation and direct pressure

52

digoxin toxicity

OD of digoxin, s/s blurred vision, change in color vision, fatigue, n/v, abdominal pn, fatigue, delirium, headache, confusion, drooling TX magnesium(sulfate), lidocaine

53

paroxysmal

means from time to time

54

diltiazem

calcium channel blocker-antidysrhythmic used for symptomatic afib & aflutter , SVT and PSVT

55

divers illness

decompression sickness/the bends- joint pain(shoulder most common) TX is hyperbaric chamber

56

diverticulitis

is when pouches (diverticuli) form on the inside of the colon. Feces get stuck in the sac and bacteria causes infection. S/S abdominal pn, fever chills, bloating & gas, diarrhea constipation, loss of appetite

57

duplex radio system

radio, one person talks the there listens and then waits to talk. one at a time

58

dura mater

surrounds the brain and spinal cord, resposible for keeping the CSF in. Tough outer most layer.

59

ecchymosis

the escape of blood from blood vessels into tissue. Hematoma that is not caused by trauma

60

Eclampsia

seizures in a pregnant woman that is not related to pre-exisiting brain condition. Tonic-Clonic in nature

61

Pre Eclampsia

high blood pressure and significant amounts of protein in the urine of women can lead to eclampsia(seizures if left untreated)

62

endometriosis

cells from the lining of the womb(uterus) grow in other areas of the body. usually painful and causes bleeding

63

Enhanced automaticity

ccelerated generation of an action potential by either normal pacemaker tissue (enhanced normal automaticity) or by abnormal tissue within the myocardium (abnormal automaticity

64

Epidural hematoma

traumatic brain injury where the blood builds up between the dura matter and the skull. Dura mater also covers the spine so it can cause spinal issues

65

febrile

Having or showing the symptoms of a fever.

66

febrile seizure

A febrile seizure is a convulsion in a child triggered by a fever.

67

Focal Motor (Seizure)

a simple partial seizure consisting of clonus or spasm of a muscle or muscle group, occurring either singly or in a continuous repetitive series

68

Gamma- Hydroxybutyric Acid

Treats loss of muscle control (cataplexy) and excessive daytime sleepiness that is caused by a sleep disorder (narcolepsy). This medicine is a narcotic sedative that is also called GHB.

69

GI bleed (Lower and Upper)

Upper GI bleeding: The upper GI tract includes the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach), stomach, and first part of the small intestine.
Lower GI bleeding: The lower GI tract includes much of the small intestine, large intestine or bowels, rectum, and anus.

70

Glaucoma

Glaucoma refers to a group of eye conditions that lead to damage to the optic nerve. This nerve carries visual information from the eye to the brain.

71

Glucagon

Treats severe low blood sugar. Also may be used before X-rays.

72

Gonorrhea

the clap-burning sensation

73

5 stages of grief

DABDA
denial, anger,bartering,depression, acceptance

74

Grey-Turner's sign

refers to bruising of the flanks, appearing as a blue discoloration
This sign takes 24–48 hours. It can predict a severe attack of acute pancreatitis,It is a sign of retroperitoneal hemorrhage.


75

HHNK

more commonly seen in type 2 diabetes because of dehydration HHNK’s dehydration is the first thing that is treated together with attention to infection.

76

Haldol aka haloperidol

treatment for crazy people schizophrenia turrets uncontrollable hiccups bat shit crazy people

77

Head bobbing

a sign of respiratory distress in an infant. It occurs when the infant uses the scaleni and sternocleidomastoid muscles to assist ventilation. The contraction of these muscles causes the head to bob because the neck extensor muscles are not strong enough to stabilize the head.

78

Heat Cramps

are muscle spasms that result from loss of large amount of salt and water through exercise. Heat cramps are associated with cramping in the abdomen, arms and calves. This can be caused by inadequate consumption of fluids or electrolytes.[1] Frequently, they don't occur until sometime later, especially at night or when relaxing. Heavy sweating causes heat cramps, especially when the water is replaced without also replacing salt or potassium.

79

Heat Exhaustion

is a heat-related illness that can occur after you've been exposed to high temperatures for several days and have become dehydrated.

80

Heat Stroke

when your body temperature reaches 104 F (40 C)

81

Hematochezia

passage of fresh blood through the anus, usually in or with stools (contrast with melena). lower GI bleed

82

Hemo-Pneumothorax

is a medical term describing the combination of two conditions: pneumothorax, or air in the chest cavity, and hemothorax (also called hæmothorax), or blood in the chest cavity.

83

Immunoglobulin G (IgG)

the most abundant type of antibody, is found in all body fluids and protects against bacterial and viral infections.

84

Immunoglobulin E (IgE)

which is associated mainly with allergic reactions (when the immune system overreacts to environmental antigens such as pollen or pet dander). It is found in the lungs, skin, and mucous membranes.

85

Implied consent

Consent for treatment for patient that is mentally, physically or emotionaly unable to give consent. Also called emergency doctrine. Assume patient would want life saving treatment if able to give consent.

86

Informed consent

consent to treatment with understanding of risks, consequences or alternative of the treatment. Communication of consequences of refusing treatment.

87

Involuntary consent

Consent granted by the court. Common for patients who are held for mental health evaluation, or patients by law enforcement who are in protective custody. Also, used on patient who have disease which treatens a community at large.

88

Intracerebral hemorrhage

occurs when a diseased blood vessel within the brain bursts, allowing blood to leak inside the brain.