Flashcards in Vocab Deck (27)
mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
mental image or best example of a category. matching new items to the Prototype provides a quick and easy method 4 including items into a category
methodical, logical rules or procedures that guarantees solving a particular problem; step by step problem solving method that will always result in the right answer unless you mess up.
simple thinking strategies that allow us to make judgements and solve problems efficiently; less time consuming but more error-prone then algorithms
based on how well something fits your prototype. judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match particular prototypes.
estimating the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory
a sudden realization of a problem's solution; congrats w strategy based solutions
a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence
inability to see a problem from A New Perspective
tendency to solve problems the same or similar ways
inability to see something as having a new function
the tendency to be more confident then correct. To overestimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments.
the way an issue is posed; how an issue is framed can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
the tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning sometimes make invalid conclusions seem valid or vice versa
clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
in a spoken language the smallest distinctive sound unit
in language the smallest unit that carries meaning maybe a word or part of a word
the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; the study of meaning
Benjamin whorf hypothesis that language determines the way we think
a test designed to predict a person's future performance.
a test designed to assess what a person has learned
symmetrical bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many types of data
the extent to which a test yields consistent results as assessed by the consistency of scores on 2 halves of the test or the retesting
the extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to
the extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of Interest
the success with which a test predicts the behavior it is designed to predict. it is assessed by computing scores and the criterion behavior