Vocab List Week 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab List Week 2 Deck (50):
1

DISTEND

(v) To extend


(v) To swell or extend from internal pressure

1

CONFOUND

(v) To confuse, perplex, or stump; To throw into disorder

(v) To mix up, fail to notice differences

(v) To refute, prove wrong, or put to shame

2

EXPLICIT 

(adj.) Fully and clearly expressed, without leaving anything to implication

(adj.) Fully developed or defined

(adj.) Forthright and unambiguous in expression

3

TACITURN

(adj.) Disinclined to speak by temperament

4

FRACAS

(n) A noisy, loud quarrel, brawl, or disturbance

4

DEFERENCE

(n) Submission to or due respect for superiors or elders

4

IMPETUOUS

(adj.) Impulsive, characterized by sudden, passionate action (adj.) Violent or forceful

5

SANCTION


1. (POSITIVE meaning)

(n) Official or authoritative permission or authorization; support or encouragement;

(v) To approve or authorize officially; to support or tolerate by showing approval


2. (NEGATIVE meaning)

(n) A penalty meant to force compliance; a military or economic measure adopted by several nations and meant to coerce another nation violating international law;

(v) To penalize, especially for a violation of international law

6

APPRISE

(v) To inform, tell, or give notice to

7

PONDEROUS

(adj.) Of great weight; unwieldy due to heaviness and bulk (adj.) Labored, dull, or lifeless

8

EXTRANEOUS 

(adj.) Irrelevant, unrelated, not pertinent

(adj.) Nonessential, not vital

(adj.) Coming from outside

8

DENUNCIATION

 

 

(n) 1. public condemnation or censure 2. an accusation of a crime

 

8

FOMENT

(v) To foster or promote the development of; to incite or rouse

9

ABATE

(v) To reduce in degree, amount, or intensity

10

APPROBATION

 

(n) Official approval

(n) Commendation, praise; a warm expression of approval

 

11

EXCULPATE

(v) To clear from a charge or guilt

13

PERFIDY

(n) 1. The quality or state of being disloyal; treachery; faithlessness


2. An act of disloyalty

14

PRODIGIOUS

(adj.) Impressive or extraordinary in bulk, amount, or degree; enormous (adj.) Marvelous, eliciting amazement

15

VACILLATE 

(v) To hesitate or waver in forming an opinion or make a decision


(v) To fluctuate or oscillate

17

AUDACIOUS

(adj.) Recklessly bold; (adj.) Insolent or contemptuous of rules (adj.) Original and spirited

19

PRISTINE

(adj.) Belonging or related to the original, earliest condition; primitive

(adj.) Remaining in a pure, unspoiled state, untouched by civilization

(adj.) Clean as if new

20

INNOCUOUS

(adj.) Harmless or without negative effect (adj.) Unlikely to offend or inspire a strong reaction; insipid or bland

21

BLITHE

(adj.) Lighthearted, carefree, joyous, or gaily cheerful (adj.) Thoughtless, heedless, or without regard or consideration

23

STOLID

(adj.) Unemotional or impassive

25

EXACERBATE

(v) To make more severe, violent, or bitter; to aggravate, intensify, or inflame

26

DIFFUSE

(adj.) Dispersed, spread out (adj.) Wordy and poorly organized

27

IMPERMEABLE

(adj.) Not permeable; preventing passage through or into itself

28

DERIVATIVE

(adj.) Not original, secondary, or copied


(adj.) Derived

29

LACKLUSTER

(adj.) Without luster or brilliance; dull

30

UBIQUITOUS 

(adj.) Existing or present everywhere; constantly encountered or widespread

31

COMPLAISANT 

(adj.) Agreeable, eager to please, obliging

32

PRESUMPTUOUS 

(adj.) Overstepping the bounds of what’s right or proper; inappropriately
forward or taking liberties

33

TRACTABILITY

(n) Capacity for being led, controlled, or taught; docility


(n) Malleability; Ease of being handled or worked with

34

SLIGHT

(verb)

1. To treat as unimportant or make light of

2. To treat with disdain or discourteous inattention

3. To do inattentively or negligently

 

(noun) An instance of being slighted

 

(adjective)

1. Slim or delicate of body

2. Small in size, extent, or quantity 3. Trifling, trivial, or unimportant 4. Lack strength or substance; flimsy

35

RECALCITRANT

(adj.) Stubbornly resisting or defying authority or guidance

36

CONCUR

(v) To agree, cooperate, or coincide

37

LEVY

(v) 1. To impose and collect (such as a tax) 2. To draft troops into military service 3. To declare and wage war

38

VIGOR

(n) Active strength or energy; vitality

39

OBSTINATE

(adj.) Stubbornly sticking to an attitude, opinion, purpose, or course, against argument or persuasion; difficult to control, subdue, or remedy

40

NADIR

(adj.) The lowest point

(adj.) A point on the celestial sphere, opposite the zenith and below the observer

41

CONSOLE

(verb)

To comfort, alleviate someone’s grief, suffering, or sense of loss

(noun)

1. a cabinet (such as for a television) designed to stand on the floor

2. the control unit of a computer, electrical system, vehicle, etc.

42

COVERT

(adj.) Not openly done, acknowledged, or avowed; veiled (adj.) Sheltered or covered

43

44

TRANSPARENT

(adj.) Permitting the passage of light, sheer enough to see through

(adj.) Frank, candid, and free of deceit or pretense

(adj.) Obvious; readily seen or understood

(adj.) Open with regards to methods or practices, especially in business

45

DERISION

(n) Ridicule, mockery, or scorn

46

CONVOKE

(v) To call (as a group of people) to a meeting

47

DISCRETE

(n) Separate or distinct; an individual thing


(n) Consisting of unconnected individual parts; not continuous

48

ALLEVIATE

(v) To mitigate, lessen, or make bearable

49

SPECIOUS

(adj.) Deceptive in attractions or allure

(adj.) Falsely appearing true, genuine, or plausible

50

VERACITY

(n) Conformity or adherence to the truth or accuracy