Vocab List Week 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab List Week 8 Deck (55):
1

CASTIGATION

(n) Severe criticism, reproach, or punishment

2

REPINE

(v) To be discontent, complain, or fret (v) To yearn or long deeply for something

3

METEORIC

(adj.) Like a meteor in speed or sudden (often temporary) brilliance

4

MINATORY

(adj.) Menacing or threatening in nature or aspect (like the minator, maybe)

5

ENDEMIC

(adj.) Native to or characteristic of a certain place or people (adj.) Restricted or confined to a specific area or place

6

ABROGATE

(v) To abolish, annul, or put aside, usually officially

7

BROACH

(v) To mention, suggest, or bring up (v) To tap, pierce, or open up

8

DEPOSITION

(n) The act of removing from power (n) Testimony under oath (n) The process of depositing, or the state of being deposited

9

ACCRETION

(n) Growth by gradual addition or buildup

10

DERIDE

(v) To scorn, mock, jeer, or ridicule

11

REVERE

(v) To regard with respect, devotion, deference, and awe

12

BOISTEROUS

(adj.) Rough and noisy or rowdy; clamorous

13

OPPROBRIUM

(n) Disgrace or infamy due to shameful, despicable behavior (n) Harsh contempt or condemnation (n) A cause for shame or disgrace

14

SATE

(v) To satisfy or appease (an appetite) fully (v) To indulge (an appetite) to excess; to glut

15

NASCENT

(adj.) Developing or coming into existence

16

EQUITABLE

(adj.) Fair and impartial; characterized by or showing equity (equity = fairness) (Note: do not confuse with equivocal, meaning ambivalent, undecided)

17

NATTY

(adj.) Smart and trim in dress or appearance (usually of a man: "nattily dressed")

18

ACCOLADE

(n) An award, praise, or expression of approval

19

SEAMY

(adj.) Sordid, unpleasant, showing the low side of life

20

SEDULOUS

(adj.) Diligent or persevering in effort or application (adj.) Done or achieved through perseverance

21

EFFACE

(v.) To erase; to rub or wipe out. (v.) To conduct oneself inconspicuously, to make oneself "invisible". Often used in the expression "self-effacing."

22

NEOLOGISM

(n) A new word, phrase, or usage (n) A psychotic symptom involving the creation of new words

23

SEMINAL

(adj.) Pertaining to seed, having possibility of future development (adj.) Very original and influencing later works (as a seminal artist or artwork)

24

NEXUS

(n) A link or connection (n) A connected group or series (n) The core, focus, or central point of connection

25

TACIT

(adj.) Expressed without words; unspoken (adj.) Implied or indicated but not explicitly expressed

26

SUPINE

(adj.) Lying on the back or face up (adj.) Showing or characterized by lethargy, passivity, or apathetic inactivity; mentally or morally indifferent or lax

27

CAUSTIC

(adj.) Capable of burning, corroding, or eating away at (adj.) Cutting, harsh, sarcastic, or severely critical

28

NUGATORY

(adj.) Of little value, worth, or importance; trifling or inconsequential (adj.) Without force or effectiveness

29

DISAFFECT

(v) To make unhappy or unloyal, to alienate the affection or support of

30

BOMBASTIC

(adj.) Overblown, pompous, inflated, or pretentious

31

ESTRANGE

(v) To make unfriendly or hostile, keep at a distance

32

OBSTINACY

(adj.) Stubbornly sticking to an attitude, opinion, purpose, or course, against argument or persuasion (adj.) Difficult to control, subdue, or remedy

33

SINEWY

(adj.) Full of sinews (tendons); tough and stringy or strong (adj.) Lean and muscular; strong, forceful, or vigorous

34

BOOR

(n) A rude or coarse person; someone without manners or sensitivity (n) A peasant

35

OCCLUDED

(v) To obstruct, close up, or block off (v) To prevent the passage of

36

SLEW

(n) A large number or quantity ("a whole slew of problems")

37

CONTINENT

(adj.) Exercising or marked by self-restraint, especially of the desires (consider in relation to: "able to control urinary and fecal discharge" vs. incontinent)

38

CESSATION

(n) A temporary or final stopping or ceasing

39

ODIUM

(n) The state or quality of being odious (arousing contempt or strong displeasure) (n) Contempt, dislike, or repugnance (n) Disgrace or infamy due to reprehensible or hateful acts

40

SODDEN

(adj.) Weighted down with or as if with water; soaked thoroughly (adj.) Dull or expressionless, as from drink (adj.) Sluggish or torpid

41

SURFEIT

(n) 1. An excessive amount or oversupply 2. Overindulgence (such as in food or drink), disgust from overindulgence (v) To feed or supply to surfeit (i.e., satiety, excess, or disgust)

42

SOLVENT

(adj.) Able to pay debts; not bankrupt

43

BREACH

(n) the act or result of rupturing, or breaking; rift, fissure (n) a violation or infraction, a severance of friendly relations

44

ONEROUS

(adj.) Burdensome or troublesome ("onus" = burden) (adj.) Entailing legal obligations that exceed the benefits

45

FERVID

(adj.) Very, glowing, or burning (adj.) Marked by great zeal, feeling, or fervor

46

OPAQUE

(adj.) Impenetrable to light; not transparent or reflecting light (adj.) Hard to understand, so obscure as to be unclear or unintelligible (adj.) Dim-witted or mentally slow

47

LETHARGIC

adj.) Characterized by or causing lethargy (sluggishness, inactivity) or indifference

48

CHARY

(adj.) Cautious or wary (adj.) Sparing, hesitant to give, accept, or expend

49

TENDENTIOUS

(adj.) Partisan, marked by a strong point of view

50

PUERILE

(adj.) Pertaining to childhood (adj.) Childishly foolish or immature, juvenile

51

BEDIZEN

(v) Dress or decorate in a gaudy, ostentatious way

52

INTERNECINE

(adj.) Pertaining to conflict within a group (adj.) Mutually destructive

53

SCREED

(n) A long discourse or piece of writing (n) A diatribe, an angry speech

54

SERE

(adj.) Dry or withered

55

SEMIOTICS

(n) The theory or study of signs and symbols used as elements communication; the study of languages, gestures, even clothing used as communication