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Flashcards in Vocab Quiz 1 Deck (26)
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1

ovaries

produce ova (eggs)

2

Fallopian tubes

passageway between ovaries and uterus

3

uterus

where the developing embryo/fetus matures

4

endometrium

uterine mucus membrane

5

cervix

opening into the uterus

6

testes

produce sperm cells

7

Seminiferous Tubules

tubes inside the tests - produces sperm cells

8

epididymis

sperm cell storage and maturation

9

vas deferens

passageway between epididymis and penis

10

glands

produce semen and hormones

11

gametogenesis

process that makes gametes

12

spermatogenesis

sperms are produced in the testes. each round of meiosis will produce 4 haploid cells

13

oogenesis

ova are produced in the ovaries. each round of oogenesis produces one large ova and 2-3 smaller polar bodies.

14

the ova

largest human cell
its nucleus contains 23 chromosomes

15

sperm

purpose to deliver DNA to the egg
contains 23 chromosomes

16

midpiece

contains mitochondria to provide ATP for the flagella

17

flagella

provides movement

18

nucleus

contains haploid number of chromosomes

19

acrosome

contains digestive enzymes to help the sperm nucleus enter the egg

20

gastrulation

immediately after implantation the cells of the embryo start to differentiate. Differentiation in the early embryo is called gastrulation.

21

ectoderm

becomes skin and nervous system

22

mesoderm

becomes most organs; including skeleton, muscles, and blood

23

endoderm

becomes the digestive tract, respiratory tract, and urinary bladder

24

placenta

is the organ that exchanges food, waste, and gas between the mom and baby

25

umbilical cord

connects the baby to the placenta

26

Three germ layers

mesoderm, endoderm, ectoderm