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HESI A2 > Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocabulary Deck (135):
1

Abrupt

Sudden

2

Abstain

To voluntarily refrain from something

3

Access

A means to obtain entry or a means of approach

4

Accountable

Responsible

5

Adhere

To hold fast or stick together

6

Adverse

Undesired, possibly harmful

7

Affect

Appearance of observable emotions

8

Annual

Occurring every year

9

Apply

To place, put on, or spread someting

10

Audible

Able to be heard

11

Bilaterial

Present on two sides

12

Cardiac

Of or relating to the heart

13

Cast

Hard protective device applied to protect a broken bone while the bone heals

14

Cavity

An opening or an empty area.

15

Cease

Come to an end or bring to an end

16

Compensatory

Offsetting or making up for something

17

Complication

An undesired problem that is the result of some other event

18

Compy

Do as directed

19

Concave

Rounded inward

20

Concise

Brief, to the point

21

Consistenct

Degree of viscosity; how thick or thin a fluid is

22

constrict

To draw together or become smaller

23

Contingent

Dependent

24

Contour

Shape or outline of a shape

25

Contract

To draw together or reduce in size.

26

Contraindication

A reason why something is not advisable to why it should not be done

27

Defecate

Expel feces

28

Deficit

A deficiency or lacking of something

29

Depress

Press downward

30

Depth

Downward measurement from a surface

31

Deteriorating

Worsening

32

Device

Tool or piece of equipment

33

Diganosis

Identification of an injury or disease

34

Diameter

The distance across the center of an object

35

Dilate

to enlarge or expand

36

Dilute

To make a liquid less concentrated

37

Discrete

distinct, seperate

38

Distended

Enlarged or expanded from pressure

39

Dysfunction

Impaired or abnormal functioning

40

Elevate

to lift up or place in a higher position

41

Endogenours

Produced within the body

42

Exacerbate

To make worse or more severe

43

Excess

More than what is needed or usual

44

Exogenous

Produced outside the body

45

Expand

To increase in side or amount

46

Exposure

Contact

47

External

Located outside of the body

48

Fatal

Resulting in death

49

Fatique

Extreme tiredness, exhaustion

50

Flaccid

Limp, lacking tone

51

Flushed

Reddened or ruddy appearance

52

Gaping

Wide open

53

Gastrointestional

Of or relating to the stomach and the intestines

54

Gender

Sex of an individual, as in male or female

55

Hematologic

Of or relating to blood

56

Hydration

Maintenance of body fluid balance

57

Hygiene

Measures contributing to cleanliness and good health

58

Impaired

Diminished or lacking some usual quality or level

59

Impending

Likely to occur soon

60

Incidence

Occurance

61

Infection

Contamination or invasion of body tissue by pathogenic organisms

62

Inflamed

Reddened, swollen, warm, and often tender

63

Ingest

to swallow for digestion

64

Initiate

To begin or put into practice

65

Insidious

So gradual as to not become apparent for a long time

66

Intact

In place, Unharmed

67

Internal

Located within the body

68

Invasive

Inserting or entering into a body part

69

Labile

Changing rapidly and often

70

Laceration

Cut; tear

71

Latent

Present but not active or visible

72

Lethargic

Difficult to arouse

73

Manifestation

An indication or sign of a condition

74

Musculoskeletal

Of or relating to muscle and skeleton

75

Neurologic

Of or relating to the nervous system

76

Neurovascular

Of or relating to the nervous system and blood vessels

77

Nutrient

Substance of ingredient that provides nourishment

78

Occluded

Closed or obstructed

79

Ominous

Significantly important and dangerous

80

Ongoing

Continuous

81

Oral

Given through or affecting the mouth

82

Overt

Obvious, easily observed

83

Parameter

A characteristic or constant factor, limit

84

Paroxysmal

Beginning suddenly or abruptly; convulsive

85

Patent

Open

86

Pathogenic

Causing or able to cause disease

87

Pathology

Processes, causes, and effects of a disease; abnormality

88

Posterior

Located behind; in the back

89

Potent

Producing a strong effect

90

Potential

Capable of occurring or likely to occur

91

Precaution

Preventive measure

92

Precipitous

Rapid, uncontrolled

93

Predispose

To make more susceptible or more likely to occur

94

Preexisting

Already present

95

Primary

First or most significant

96

Priority

Of great importance

97

Prognosis

The anticipated or expected course or outcome

98

Rationale

The underlying reason

99

recur

To occur again

100

Renal

Of or relating to the kidneys

101

Respiration

Inhalation and exhalation of air

102

Restrict

To limit

103

Retain

To hold or keep

104

Site

Location

105

Status

Condition

106

Strict

Stringent, exact, compelete

107

Sublingual

Under the tongue

108

Supplement

To take in addition to or to complete

109

Suppress

To stop or subdue

110

Summetric

Being equal or the same in size, shape, and relative position

111

Symptom

An indication of a problem

112

Syndrome

Group of symptoms that, when occurring together, reflect a specific disease or disorder.

113

Therapeutic

Of or relating to the treatment of a disease or a disorder

114

Transdermal

Crossing through the skin

115

Transmission

Transfer, such as of a disease, from one person to another

116

Trauma

Injury, Wound

117

Triage

Process used to determine the priority of treatment for patients according to the severity of a patient's condition and likelihood of benefit from the treatment

118

Untoward

Adverse or negative

119

Urinate

Excrete or expel urine

120

Vascular

Of or relating to blood vessels

121

Verbal

Spoken, using words

122

Virus

Microscopic infectious agent capable or replicating only in living cells, usually causing infectious disease.

123

Vital

Essential

124

Void

Excrete, or expel urine

125

Volume

Amount of space occupied by a fluid

126

The client's condition was EXACERBATED in the fall

Made worse

127

The OVERT signs of the baby's illness were distressing to the parents

Easily observed

128

The bride decided to EXPAND the number of people invited to the wedding

Increase

129

His PAROXYSMAL coughing was a sign of this illness

convulsive

130

The nurse noticed an ABRUPT change in the patient's level of pain,

Sudden

131

Her FLUSHED appearance was noted by the nurse during the examination

Ruddy

132

The nurse was keeping careful watch on the patient's RESPIRATION

Breathing

133

The medication was given SUBLINGUALLY

Under the tongue

134

The RATIONALE for the therapy was to increase the patient's range of motion

Reason

135

The nurse is ACCOUNTABLE for patient safety

Responsible