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Art History Part Deux > Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocabulary Deck (34)
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1

Humanism

-emphasis on education and expanding knowledge

exploration of individual potential

civic responsibility/moral duty.

2

Neoplationism

Beautiful objects, sacred images, and architecture leads one's soul to a closer union with the Divine.

3

Chiaroscuro

The illusion of three-dimensionality with consistent light sources, explainable spaces, a development of perspective and suggesting atmospheric effects.

Virgin of the Rocks
Virgin and Child W/St. Anne ...a

4

Disegno

drawing is external physical manifestation of internal intellectual idea of a design

Virgin and Child W/St. Anne ...a

5

Sfumato

"smoky" or "hazy"

line and left somewhat undefined

Mona Lisa

6

One-point "scientific" perspective

a single vanishing point and are "constructed" with orthogonal which converge upon that point

Last Supper (High)

7

Orthogonal

The lines which can be traced from compositional elements converging upon a single vanishing point

Last Supper

8

Foreshortening

an object that extends back in space at an angle to the perpendicular plane of sight.

Virgin of the Rocks

9

Pyramidal composition

-a composition in painting or sculpture which was based upon the pyramid.

-calmness and stability
-appealed viewer's sense of logic

- developing its space or perspective.

Virgin of the Rock

10

Fresco

thin layer of fresh plaster on an existing plaster surface and then immediately applying color pigments (tempera)

permanent part of the wall surface

Last Supper (High)
Philosophy
Galatea

11

Cartoon

a full-size drawing made to transfer to large work.

artist's ideas evolve

Vigrin w/ St. Anne ...

12

Figura serpentinata

new contrapposto

animated, dynamic, and twisting.

Galatea

13

Pope Julius II

-Warrior Pope
-powerful spiritual and political leader
-patron of High Renaissance

14

`Terribilita

The notion of the Sublime: awe-inspiring beauty and intellectual expression shadowed by the fearful

Michelangelo

15

Pieta

pity & piety.

dead Christ Jesus on the lap of his mourning mother Mary.

not as horrible as other versions

16

Contrapposto

"stand against."

distribution of the weights and balances of the body

David

17

Mannerism

emphasizes artifice and contrived imagery not derived directly from nature.

hyper-idealization, unorganized, erratic line, sour color palettes, and ambiguous space.

-provocative nudes, mythological subjects, allegories, and Catholic mysticism.

18

Sack of Rome

1527 attack of Rome by Spain

45,000 killed by the army of Charles V. Roman churches,

Sistine Chapel survived

19

Allegory

representation or story not clear.

Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time

20

Ambiguous space

compositional lacks "believable space" such as one-point perspective; fore, middle and background, etc.

Decent from the Cross

Madonna with the Long Neck ]

21

Arcadian

Depictions of an idyllic place of rural peace and simplicity.

Feast of the Gods,
The Tempest

22

Cassone /cassoni

chests made in Italy

1300-1500
bride to store her trousseau.

23

Colorito

Color or painted application in Venetian Renaissance art.

after disegno

24

Diorama

small-scale composition using clay figurines viewed through one side

Tintoretto's Last Supper

25

Iconography

symbolic meaning of objects, persons or events depicted in works of art.

Venus of Urbino

26

Personification

When an abstract idea or object is given human form.

Pastoral Symphony

27

Secular

Non-religious subject matter, theme, or mood
Feast of the Gods

28

Velatura (veiling)

-glaze color lighter in value than the underlayer
-semi-transparent.
-Venetian Titian
-warm underpainting
-unique nuances of color.

Venus of Urbino

29

Graphic art

Etchings
engravings
wood cuts.

Fall of Man

30

Genre scene

Paintings of everyday life


Money Changer and his Wife
Meat Still Life