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Flashcards in Vocabulary (C's) Deck (89):
1

General deterioration of the body; a state of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting. It may occur in many chronic diseases as certain malignancies and advanced pulmonary tuberculosis.

Cachexia aka Wasting Syndrome

2

Dead human body used for medical purposes: including transplantation, anatomical dissection and study.

Cadaver

3

A cancer-causing chemical or material.

Carcinogen

4

A disease with a more or less slow onset and long duration.

Chronic

5

A prolongation of the last violent contraction of the muscles into the rigidity of death.

Cadaveric Spasms aka Instantaneous Rigor Mortis

6

The dome-like superior portion of the cranium; that portion removed during cranial autopsy.

Calvarium

7

A device used as a means of fastening the calvarium after a cranial autopsy.

Calvarium Clamp

8

Special needles which are used to anchor the calvaria securely in the head of autopsied cases and is applied with a needle injector.

Calvarium Needles

9

Formation of new channels in a tissue.

Canalization

10

Any malignant neoplasm marked by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells.

Cancer

11

Minute blood vessels, the walls of which comprise a single layer of endothelial cells. They connect the smallest arteries (arteriole) with the smallest veins (venule) and are where pressure filtration occurs.

Capillaries

12

Ability of substances to diffuse through capillary walls into the tissue spaces.

Capillary Permeability

13

Plastic protective garment designed to cover the legs, buttocks, and abdomen. A combination of pants and stockings.

Capri Garments

14

A compound of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen; sugars, starches, and glycogen

Carbohydrate

15

Circumscribed inflammation of the skin and deeper tissues that ends in suppuration and is accompanied by systemic sympotoms, such as fever and leukocytosis. Several communicating boils of the skin and subcutaneous tissues with the production and discharge of pus and dead tissues.

Carbuncle

16

A specialized type of dense connective tissue; attached to the ends of bones and forming parts of structures, such as the nasal septum and the framework of the ear.

Cartilage

17

The total sum of those considerations given the case at hand, beginning before the embalming procedure is begun and continuing throughout the operation.

Case Analysis

18

A condition in which the vital signs of life are feebly maintained and there is a waxy rigidity of the body.

Catalepsy

19

A chemical capable of drying tissues by searing; caustic.

Cauterizing Agent

20

The formation of cavities in an organ or tissue; frequently seen in some forms of tuberculosis.

Cavitation

21

A hollow place or area.

Cavity

22

Direct treatment, other than vascular (arterial) injection, of the contents of the body cavities and the lumina of the hollow viscera; usually accomplished by aspiration and injection.

Cavity Embalming aka Cavity Treatment

23

Embalming chemicals which are injected into the cavities of the body following the aspiration in cavity embalming. It can also be used as the chemical in hypodermic and surface embalming.

Cavity Fluid

24

An embalming instrument which is connected to a bottle of cavity fluid to aid in injecting the cavity fluid into the various cavities of the body.

Cavity Injector

25

Death of the individual cells of the body.

Cellular Death

26

Ascending and/or arch of the aorta.

Center of Fluid Distribution

27

Right atrium of the heart.

Center of Venous Drainage

28

Embalming machine that uses an electrical pump to create pressure either pulsating or non-pulsating.

Centrifugal Force Machine aka Modern Embalming Machine

29

A major agency of the Department of Health and Human Services, with headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia concerned with all phases of control or communicable, vector-borne, and occupational diseases.

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP) aka CDC

30

Restorative treatment usually accompanied by aspiration, gravitation, or external pressure to remove gases or excess liquids from tissues; passages are made through the tissues with a scalpel, hypodermic needle, or trocar.

Channeling

31

Substances that bind metallic ions such as EDTA-(Ethylenediarnine-tetraceticacid) used as an anticoagulant in embalming solutions.

Chelate

32

Dehydration caused by using too harsh of an arterial solution to embalm a dead human body.

Chemical Evaporation

33

A change in the body's chemical composition that occurs after death such as hemolysis.

Chemical Postmortem Change

34

The application of chemical reagents in the treatment of disease in humans, causing an elevated preservation demand.

Chemotherapy

35

A blood clot which contains all of the bloods elements with red and white blood cells separated into distinct layers.

Chicken Fat Clot

36

One of several methods used for mouth closure (antiquated).

Chin Rest

37

A disease with a more or less slow onset and long duration.

Chronic

38

The means by which a pathogen is passed from host to host.

Circle of Transmission

39

(Late 17th C.) An influential person in medical embalming who published a book about a method of embalming without evisceration (German).

Gabrial Clauderus

40

A phase of somatic death lasting from 5-6 minutes during which life may be restored.

Clinical Death

41

Drainage procedure that limits the exposure of the embalmer to the drainage. Tubing is attached to a drain tube allowing drainage to flow directly from a vein into a sanitary disposal system; tubing may also be attached to a trocar and aspirator allowing drainage to be taken from the right atrium of the heart to the sanitary disposal system.

Closed System Drainage

42

Anaerobic, saprophytic, spore-forming bacterium responsible for tissue gas.

Clostridium Perfringens aka Gas Bacillus

43

Chemical and physical agents that bring about coagulation.

Coagulating Agents

44

The process of converting soluble protein to insoluble protein by heating or contact with a chemical such as an alcohol or an aldehyde. The solidification of a solution into a gelatinous mass. Agglutination is a specific form of Coagulation.

Coagulation aka Congealing

45

Substances which increase the activity of enzymes.

Co-Enzymes or Accelerators

46

The injection of a specialized chemical in conjunction with the routine arterial chemical.

Coninjection

47

A fluid used primarily to supplement and enhance the action of vascular (arterial) solutions.

Coninjection Fluid

48

A condition which occurs in dead bodies when exposed to temperatures near or below the freezing point, thus causing the tissues to become firm and rigid .

Cold Stiffening

49

Microorganisms (Colon Bacillus) found normally in the colon.

Coliform Organisms

50

Bacterial inhabitants of the colon.

Coli-flora

51

The part of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum.

Colon

52

A solution-like system in which the size of the solute particle is between 1 and 100 nanometers. Particles of solute pass through filters but not membranes.

Colloid

53

The irreversible cessation of brain activity and loss of consciousness; death beginning at the brain.

Coma

54

A method of creating injection pressure in which a bulb syringe is built into the tubing of the gravity percolator.

Combination Gravity Method & Bulb Syringe

55

Preparation room equipment which may serve for both embalming and dressing human remains.

Combination Table

56

Disease that may be transmitted either directly or indirectly between individuals by and infectious agent.

Communicable Disease

57

A type of air pressure apparatus where air or CO2 is pumped from tanks into a fluid chamber to create pressure.

Compressed Air or Gas, CO2 Apparatus

58

A solution containing a relatively large amount of solute.

Concentrated Solution

59

Disinfection practices carried out during the embalming process.

Concurrent Disinfection

60

Method of drainage in which drainage occurs continuously during vascular (arterial) injection.

Concurrent Drainage

61

The immediate and temporary disturbance of brain function.

Concussion

62

Rounded articular process on a bone.

Condyle

63

Mucous membrane that lines the eyelid and covers the white portion of the eye.

Conjunctiva

64

To contract or compress.

Constrict

65

Disease that may be transmitted between individuals, with reference to the organism that causes a disease.

Contagious Disease

66

The presences or the reasonably anticipated presence of blood or other potentially infectious materials or may contain sharps.

Contaminated Laundry

67

Any contaminated object that can penetrate the skin including but not limited to, needles, scalpels, broken glass, and exposed ends of wires.

Contaminated Sharps

68

a bruise.

Contusion

69

Transparent part of the tunic of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil and admits light into the interior.

Cornea

70

That portion of the cornea recovered for transplantation in situ. The cornea and sclera considered together comprising the tunica fibrosa or fibrous coat of the eye.

Corneal Sclera Button

71

Legal term refferring to a dead body.

Corpse

72

An official of a local community who holds inquest concerning sudden, violent and unexplained deaths.

Coroner

73

Having an abnormal amount of fat on the body.

Corpulence aka Obsetiy

74

Causing visible destruction of living tissue at point of contact.

Corrosive

75

Embalming fluid that contains dyes and coloring agents intended to restore a more natural skin tone through the embalming process.

Cosmetic Fluid

76

Dye that helps to cover internal discolorations such as jaundice.

Counter Staining Compound

77

Plastic garment designed to cover the body from the chest down to the upper thigh.

Coverall

78

Embalming aid used on cases with cranial autopsies to absorb seepage and prevent the soiling of the casket pillow.

Cranial Cap

79

That part of the human skull which encloses the brain.

Cranium

80

Method used to embalm the contents of the cranial cavity through the contents of the cranial cavity through aspiration and injection of the cranial chamber by passage of a trocar through the cribiform plate.

Cranial Embalming

81

Those elements remaining after cremation of a dead human body aka cremains. However, for professionals deem the term cremains slang and deem the term inappropriate to use in the funeral home.

Cremated Remains

82

Crackling sensation produced when gases trapped in tissues are palpated, asin subcutaneous emphysema.

Crepitation

83

A disease of the central nervous system with unknown etiology. Assumed to be a slow virus; because of unknown etiology, care givers using invasive procedures use extreme caution.

Creutzfeld-Jacob Disease aka CJD

84

Thin, medial portion of the ethmoid bone of the skull.

Cribriform Plate

85

In embalming, the chemical joining of proteins brought about by the chemical reaction of aldehydes with different forms of nitrogen. Cross-linkage results in firmness of embalmed tissue.

Cross-Linkage of Proteins

86

A blood clot which contains all of the blood elements coagulated in an evenly mixed mass.

Current and/or Jelly Clot

87

A condition of skin puckering caused by the contraction of the erector pill.

Cutis Anserina

88

Bluish discoloration of the skin or mucous membrane due to lack of oxygen.

Cyanosis

89

A sac within or on the body surface containing air or fluid.

Cyst