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Flashcards in Vocabulary (Chapter 2) Deck (66)
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1

The body cavity that contains primarily the major organs of digestion.

Abdominal cavity

2

The surgical removal of a gland.

Adenectomy

3

A malignant tumor that originates in glandular tissue.

Adenocarcinoma

4

A benign tumor that arises in or resemble glandular tissue.

Adenoma

5

Abnormal softening of a gland.

Adenomalacia

6

Abnormal hardening of a gland or glands.

Adenosclerosis

7

A change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other.

Anaplasia

8

The study of the structures of the body.

Anatomy

9

A deviation from what is regarded as normal.

Anomaly

10

Situated in front.

Anterior

11

The defective development or congenital absence of an organ or tissue.

Aplasia

12

The spread of a disease through contact with blood or other body fluids contaminated with blood.

bloodborne transmission

13

Toward the lower part of the body.

Caudal

14

Toward the head

Cephalic

15

The genetic structures located within the nucleus of each cell.

Chromosomes

16

Any disease transmitted from one person to another by direct or indirect contact with contaminated objects.

Communicable disease

17

An abnormal condition that exists at the time of birth.

Congenital disorder

18

The material located within the cell membrane that is not part of the nucleus.

Cytoplasm

19

Situated farthest from the midline or beginning of a body structure.

Distal

20

Back of the body or organ.

Dorsal

21

Abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues or organs.

Dysplasia

22

Referring to the ongoing presence of a disease, such as the common cold, within a population, group or area.

Endemic

23

Glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream.

Endocrine Glands

24

A sudden and widespread outbreak of a disease within a specific population group or area.

Epidemic

25

The region located above the stomach.

Epigastric Region

26

The study of the causes of diseases.

Etiology

27

Glands that secrete chemical substances into ducts leading either to other organs or out of the body.

Exocrine Glands

28

Produces symptoms for which no physiological or anatomical cause can be identified.

Functional Disorder

29

A pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene.

Genetic Disorder

30

A physician who specializes in the care of older people.

Geriatrician