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Flashcards in Vocabulary (Chapter 2) Deck (66):
1

The body cavity that contains primarily the major organs of digestion.

Abdominal cavity

2

The surgical removal of a gland.

Adenectomy

3

A malignant tumor that originates in glandular tissue.

Adenocarcinoma

4

A benign tumor that arises in or resemble glandular tissue.

Adenoma

5

Abnormal softening of a gland.

Adenomalacia

6

Abnormal hardening of a gland or glands.

Adenosclerosis

7

A change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other.

Anaplasia

8

The study of the structures of the body.

Anatomy

9

A deviation from what is regarded as normal.

Anomaly

10

Situated in front.

Anterior

11

The defective development or congenital absence of an organ or tissue.

Aplasia

12

The spread of a disease through contact with blood or other body fluids contaminated with blood.

bloodborne transmission

13

Toward the lower part of the body.

Caudal

14

Toward the head

Cephalic

15

The genetic structures located within the nucleus of each cell.

Chromosomes

16

Any disease transmitted from one person to another by direct or indirect contact with contaminated objects.

Communicable disease

17

An abnormal condition that exists at the time of birth.

Congenital disorder

18

The material located within the cell membrane that is not part of the nucleus.

Cytoplasm

19

Situated farthest from the midline or beginning of a body structure.

Distal

20

Back of the body or organ.

Dorsal

21

Abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues or organs.

Dysplasia

22

Referring to the ongoing presence of a disease, such as the common cold, within a population, group or area.

Endemic

23

Glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream.

Endocrine Glands

24

A sudden and widespread outbreak of a disease within a specific population group or area.

Epidemic

25

The region located above the stomach.

Epigastric Region

26

The study of the causes of diseases.

Etiology

27

Glands that secrete chemical substances into ducts leading either to other organs or out of the body.

Exocrine Glands

28

Produces symptoms for which no physiological or anatomical cause can be identified.

Functional Disorder

29

A pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene.

Genetic Disorder

30

A physician who specializes in the care of older people.

Geriatrician

31

A group of hereditary bleeding disorders in which one of the factors needed to clot the blood is missing; transmitted from mother to son.

Hemophilia

32

The study of the structure, composition and function of tissues.

Histology

33

The processes through which the body maintains a constant internal environment.

Homeostasis

34

The enlargement of an organ or tissue because of an abnormal increase in the number of cells in the tissues.

Hyperplasia

35

A general increase in the bulk of a body part of organ that is due to an increase in the size, but not in the number, of the cells in the tissues.

Hypertrophy

36

The region of the abdomen that is located below the stomach.

Hypogastric Region

37

The incomplete development of an organ or tissue usually due to a deficiency in the number of cells.

Hypoplasia

38

Side effect or unfavorable response arising from a prescribed treatment or medication.

Iatrogenic Illness

39

An illness without a known cause.

Idiopathic disorder

40

Illness caused by a living pathogenic organism, such as a bacterium, virus or fungus.

Infectious disease

41

Relating to the groin; refers to the entire lower portion of the abdomen including the groin.

Inguinal

42

The direction toward or nearer the midline.

Medial

43

The fused double layer of the parietal peritoneum that attaches parts of the intestine to the interior abdominal wall.

Mesentery

44

The vertical plane that divides the body, from top to bottom, into equal left and right halves.

Midsagittal Plane

45

Infection acquired in a hospital or clinic.

Nonocomial Infection

46

A disease outbreak occurring over a large geographic area, possibly worldwide.

Pandemic

47

The space formed by the hip bones that contains primarily the organs of the reproductive and excretory systems.

Pelvic Cavity

48

The multilayered membrane that protects and supports (suspends in place) the organs located in the abdominal cavity.

Peritoneum

49

Inflammation of the peritoneum.

Peritonitis

50

A genetic disorder in which the essential digestive enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase is missing.

Phenylketonuria

51

The study of the functions of the body structures.

Physiology

52

Situated in back or on the back part of an organ.

Posterior

53

Situated nearest the midline or beginning of a body structure.

Proximal

54

Located behind the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity.

Retroperitoneal

55

Unspecialized cells that renew themselves for long periods of time through cell division.

Stem Cells

56

The cavity that surrounds and protects the heart and the lungs, also known as the chest.

Thoracic Cavity

57

The horizontal plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions; runs across the body.

Transverse Plane

58

The pit in the center of the abdominal wall that marks where the umbilical cord was attached before birth.

Umbilicus

59

The spread of a disease due to the bite of a vector capable of transmitting that disease.

Vector-borne Transmission

60

Refers to the front or belly side of the body or organ.

Ventral

61

Study of the anatomy, physiology, pathology and chemistry of the cell.

Cytology

62

Specialist in the study and analysis of cells.

Cytologist

63

Fundamental physical and functional unit of heredity.

Gene

64

Used to describe the location of the structural units of the body (Body planes, directions, cavities and structural units.

Anatomical Reference Systems

65

Means harmful, capable of spreading & potentially life threatening. Ex. Relating to tumor (cancerous)

Malignant

66

Not life threatening. Ex. Biopsy of a tumor and it's findings.

Benign