Vocabulary (Chapter 8) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary (Chapter 8) Deck (155)
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1

The excessive swallowing of air while eating or drinking, and is a common cause of gas in the stomach.

aerophagia

2

A surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures.

anastomosis (plural, anatomeses)

3

An eating disorder characterized by a false perception of body appearance that leads to an intense fear of gaining weight and a refusal to maintain a normal body weight.

anorexia nervosa

4

Medication administered to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting.

antiemetic

5

Gray-white pits with a red border that appear in the soft tissues lining the mouth; also known as canker sores or mouth ulcers.

aphthous ulcers

6

An abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity.

ascites

7

The branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of obesity and associated diseases.

bariatrics

8

The rumbling noise caused by the movement of gas in the intestines.

borborygmus

9

An eating disorder characterized by episodes of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors, such as self-inducing vomiting or the misuse of laxatives, diuretics or other medications.

bulimia nervosa

10

A condition of physical wasting away due to the loss of weight and muscle mass that occurs in patients with diseases such as advanced cancer or AIDS.

cachexia

11

An inherited autoimmune disorder characterized by a severe reaction to food containing gluten; also known as gluten intolerance.

celiac disease

12

A disorder of the lips characterized by cracklike sores at the corners of the mouth.

cheilosis

13

A radiographic examination of the bile ducts with the use of a contrast medium.

cholangiography

14

An acute infection of the bile duct characterized by pain in the upper-right quadrant of the abdomen, fever and jaundice.

cholangitis

15

The surgical removal of the gallbladder.

cholecystectomy

16

Inflammation of the gallbladder; usually associated with gallstones.

cholecystitis

17

An incision into the common bile duct for the removal of gallstones.

choledocholithotomy

18

The presence of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile ducts.

cholelithiasis

19

A progressive degenerative disease of the liver characterized by scarring.

cirrhosis

20

The direct visual examination of the inner surface of the entire colon, from the rectum to the cecum.

colonoscopy

21

The surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface.

colostomy

22

A chronic autoimmune disorder that can occur anywhere in the digestive tract; however, it is most often found in the ileum and in the colon.

Crohn's disease diverticulitis

23

The chronic presence of an abnormal number of diverticula in the colon.

diverticulosis

24

Pain or discomfort in digestion; also known as indigestion.

dyspepsia

25

Difficulty in swallowing.

dysphagia

26

Inflammation of the small intestines caused by eating or drinking substances contaminated with viral or bacterial pathogens.

enteritis

27

The act of belching or raising gas orally from the stomach.

eructation

28

Enlarged and swollen veins at the lower end of the esophagus.

esophageal varices

29

An endoscopic procedure that allows direct visualization of the upper GI tract; this includes the esophagus, stomach and upper duodenum.

esophagogastroduodenoscopy

30

The establishment of an anastomosis between the upper portion of the stomach and the duodenum.

gastroduodenostomy