Vocabulary: Chapter 5- Legal Descriptions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary: Chapter 5- Legal Descriptions Deck (19)
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Air lots

Designated airspace over a piece of land. And air lot, like surface property, maybe transferred

1

Baseline

The main imaginary line running east and west and crossing the principal meridian at a definite point. Used by surveyors for reference in locating and describing land under the rectangular government survey system of legal description

2

Benchmarks

Permanent reference marks or planks established for use by surveyors and measuring differences in elevation

3

Datum

A horizontal plane from which heights and depths are measured

4

Legal description

A description of a specific parcel of real estate complete enough for an independent surveyor locate and find it

5

Lot and block (recorded plat system)

The method of describing real property that identifies a parcel of land by reference to the lot and block numbers within the subdivision, as specified on a recorded subdivision plat

6

Metes-and-bounds description

A legal description of a parcel of land that begins with a well marked point and follows the boundaries, using directions and distances around the tract back to the place of beginning

7

Monument

A fixed natural or artificial object used to establish real estate boundaries for a metes and bounds description

8

Plat map

A map of town, section, or subdivision indicating the location and boundaries of individual properties

9

Point of beginning

In a metes and bounds legal description, the starting point of the survey, situated in one corner of the parcel. All meets and bounds descriptions must follow the boundaries of the parcel to the point of Ending, which is also the point of beginning

10

Point of ending

In a meets and bounds legal description, the ending point of the survey, which is also the point of beginning

11

Principal meridians

The main imaginary line running north and south and crossing a baseline at a definite point. Used by surveyors for reference in locating and describing land under the rectangular government survey system of legal description

12

Range

A strip of land 6 miles wide, extended north and south and numbered east to west according to his distance from the principal meridian in the rectangular government survey system of legal description

13

Rectangular survey system

A system established in 1785 by the federal government, providing for surveying and describing land by reference to principal meridians and baselines

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sections

A portion of Township under the rectangular government survey system. They Township is divided into 36 sections, numbered one through 36. A section is a square with mile long side's and an area of one square-mile or 640 acres

15

Survey

The process by which boundaries are measured and land areas are determined. The on-site measurement of lot lines, dimensions, and position of the house on a lot, including the determination of any existing encroachments or easements

16

Township lines

All the lines and a rectangle the survey system that runs east and west, parallel to the baseline 6 miles apart

17

Townships

The principal unit of the rectangular government survey system. A township is a square with 6 mile sides and an area of 36 mi.²

18

Township tiers

Township lines that form strips of land and are designated by consecutive numbers north or south of the baseline