Vocabulary Course 4 Flashcards Preview

Spanish with Michel Thomas > Vocabulary Course 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocabulary Course 4 Deck (122):
1

don't get dressed

no se vista

(vestirse → to get dressed)

2

I was dressing myself when Roberta called

(right at that moment)

estaba vistiéndome cuando Roberta llamó

3

I was asking for more money

(right at that moment)

estaba pidiendo más dinero

(pedir → to ask for)

4

I was serving the dinner

(right at that moment)

estaba sirviendo la cena

(servir → to serve)

5

serve the dinner right here

sirva la cena aquí mismo

6

they served the dinner right here

sirvieron la cena aquí mismo

7

I repeat, don't look at me that way

repito, no me mire así

(repetir → to repeat)

8

I'm repeating it right now

estoy repitiéndolo ahora mismo

9

they would repeat it

lo repetirían

10

they repeated it

(dot in the past)

lo repitieron

11

let's eat right now

 

comamos ahora mismo

(use the imperative)

12

let's change

cambiemos

(cambiar → to change)

13

tell it to me

dígamelo

14

put them here

(books)

póngalos aquí

15

don't put them here

(books)

no los ponga aquí

16

by the way, I want you to come tonight

 

a propósito, quiero que venga esta noche

(triggers the present subjunctive)

17

I prefer that you come tonight Roberta

 

prefiero que vengas esta noche Roberta

(triggers the present subjunctive)

18

we propose that you come tonight Roberta

 

proponemos que vengas esta noche Roberta

(triggers the present subjunctive)

 

19

eat it, it's good for you

(to a friend; referring to an orange)

cómela, es buena para tí 

20

don't eat it, it's bad for you

(to a friend; referring to an orange)

no la comas, es mala para tí

(always switch tracks with negative commands)

21

I don't permit that you come tonight

 

no permito que venga esta noche

(other verbs that trigger the present subjunctive: approve, prohibit, allow, prevent)

22

I'm afraid that you can't come tonight

 

temo que no pueda venir esta noche

(any type of emotion triggers the present subjunctive)

23

I'm happy that you can come tonight

me alegro de que pueda venir esta noche

(alegrarse de → to be happy with; to be glad about)

24

we doubt that they can come tonight

 

dudamos que puedan venir esta noche

(expressing an opinion triggers the present subjunctive)

25

it's ridiculous that they're coming tonight

es ridículo que vengan esta noche

26

I'm sorry that you can't come tonight

siento que no pueda venir esta noche

27

it's a shame that you can't come tonight Roberta

es una lástima que no puedas venir esta noche Roberta

28

it's necessary that you come tonight Roberto

 

es necesario que vengas esta noche Roberto

(triggers the present subjunctive)

29

it's necessary to study tonight

es necessario estudiar esta noche

(the present subjunctive is not used unless somebody esle is being asked to do something)

30

it was impossible that he could come tonight

 

 

fue imposible que pudiera venir esta noche

(triggers the imperfect subjunctive)

31

it's improbable that Roberto can come tonight

es improbable que Roberto pueda venir esta noche

32

it's good that Roberta can't come tonight

es bueno que Roberta no pueda venir esta noche

33

I would like to travel with a woman

(using querer)

quisiera viajar con una mujer

34

I wanted you to do it

 

quería que usted lo hiciera

(triggers the imperfect subjunctive)

35

I doubt that Pablo has eaten

 

dudo que Pablo haya comido

(triggers the present perfect subjunctive)

36

I'm happy that Pablo has eaten

 

me alegro de que Pablo haya comido

37

I doubted that you would come

 

dudaba que viniera

(triggers the imperfect subjunctive)

38

I doubted that you would come

(to a friend)

dudaba que vinieras

39

we've just finished eating

acabamos de comer

40

they've just finished reading this book

acaban de leer este libro

41

I've just finished studying

acabo de estudiar

42

he had just finished eating when you arrived

acababa de comer cuando usted llegó

43

they had just finished cleaning the house when you arrived

acababan de limpiar la casa cuando usted llegó

44

I had just finished reading the book when you called

(to a friend)

acababa de leer el libro cuando llamaste

45

I had just finished cleaning my car when you returned

(to a friend; using volver)

acababa de limpiar mi coche cuando volviste

46

my mother stopped singing

mi madre dejó de cantar

(dejar de → to stop; to give up)

47

we stopped eating and left the restaurant

 

dejamos de comer y salimos del restaurante

48

he returned to his work

volvió a su trabajo

(volver a → to return to doing something)

49

we returned to our work early

volvimos a nuestro trabajo temprano

50

we had returned home late

habíamos vuelto a casa tarde

(volver a casa → to return home)

{always use había to express 'had done something'}

51

why don't you take advantage of this opportunity Roberta?

(to a friend)

¿por qué no te aprovechas de esta oportunidad Roberta?

(aprovecharse de → to take advantage of)

52

we ought to take advantage of this opportunity

debemos aprovecharnos de esta oportunidad

53

I will not change my opinion

no cambiaré de opinion 

(cambiar de → to change something, e.g. one's mind)

{'my, your, his, her' is not necessary)

54

I can count on you, I know that you won't change your opinion

puedo contar con usted, sé que no cambiará de opinion

(contar con → to count on; to rely on)

55

simple past for:

I gave

you gave

(he/she/you) gave

we gave

you all gave

they gave

di

diste

dio

dimos

disteis

dieron

56

I did not realise this

no me di cuenta de esto

(darse cuenta de → to notice; to realise)

57

I realised that you were able to come with me

me di cuenta de que podía venir conmigo

58

I don't agree with you

no estoy de acuerdo con usted

(estar de acuerdo con → to agree with)

59

I never agree with you

nunca estoy de acuerdo con usted

60

this means that I know how to use this expression

esto quiere decir que sé usar esta expresión

(not necessary to use 'how')

61

this means that I can use this new expression

esto quiere decir que puedo usar esta expresión nueva

62

it's worth it to think before answering

(using responder)

vale la pena pensar antes de responder

(antes de + infinitiv → before)

63

when we were students, it was worth it to think before answering

(using contestar)

cuando éramos estudiantes, valía la pena pensar antes de contestar

64

he ate three days ago

comió hace tres días

65

it's three days since we ate

hace tres días que comimos

66

I ate it an hour ago

(with 'ago' up front)

hace una hora lo comí

67

I did it a short time ago

hace poco tiempo lo hice

68

he did it a long time ago

hace mucho tiempo lo hizo

69

it's been three years since Juan has been living in Spain

hace tres años que Juan vive en España

(present tense is used since it is an ongoing event)

70

we've been studying for ten hours

(using 'since')

hace diez horas que estudiamos

71

Juan had been living in Spain for two years

hacía dos años que Juan vivía en España

(use the 'wing' tense for 'had been')

72

Juan has been living in Spain for two years

hace dos años que Juan vive en España

73

it's very windy here

hace mucho viento aquí

74

it was very windy yesterday

hacía mucho viento ayer

75

the weather is good now

hace buen tiempo ahora

76

the weather was bad yesterday and we didn't go to the beach

hizo mal tiempo ayer y no fuimos a la playa

('dot' in the past since it was only one occasion)

77

it's dusty today

hay polvo hoy

(for visible weather conditions e.g. it's sunny; the moon is out; use hay)

78

I asked him a question

le hice una pregunta

(hacer una pregunta → to ask a question)

79

I would like to take a trip to Madrid

(using querer)

quisiera hacer un viaje a Madrid

 

80

I don't want to hurt myself

no quiero hacer me daño

(hacer se daño → to hurt oneself)

81

we have to arrive early

tenemos que llegar temprano

82

I'm cold, can you close the window?

tengo frío, ¿puede cerrar la ventana?

83

we were cold, therefore we closed the window

teníamos frío, por lo tanto cerramos la ventana

84

we were hot, therefore we opened the window

teníamos calor, por lo tanto abrimos la ventana

85

are you thirsty Roberto?

are you hungry?

(to a friend)

¿tienes sed Roberto?

¿tienes hambre?

86

he's very lucky

tiene buena suerte

87

we have very bad luck

tenemos muy mala suerte

88

I have to be careful when I drive my car

(Latin American)

tengo que tener cuidado cuando manejo mi coche

(in Spain, 'I drive' is conduzco)

89

Roberto was sleepy

Roberto tenía sueño

(tener sueño → to be sleepy; to feel sleepy)

90

I'm sleepy and I'm not in a hurry

tengo sueño y no tengo prisa

(tener prisa → to be in a hurry)

91

I'm sorry, but you are wrong

lo siento pero no tiene razón

(tener razón → to be right)

92

I'm not to blame

no tengo la culpa

(tener la culpa → to bear the blame; to be at fault)

93

I'm sure that they're not to blame

estoy sugura que no tienen la culpa

(estar seguro → to be sure)

94

I feel like eating pizza

tengo ganas de comer una pizza

(tener ganas de → to feel like; to be in the mood for)

95

we weren't in the mood to eat dinner here

no teníamos ganas de cenar aquí

96

my dog is two years old

mi perro tiene dos años

97

my daughter is ten years old

mi hija tiene diez años

98

how old is your son?

¿cuántos años tiene su hijo?

99

the meeting takes place right here

la reunión tiene lugar aquí mismo

(tener lugar → to take place)

100

the meeting will take place next week

la reunión tendrá lugar la semana que viene

101

you're patient

tiene paciencia

102

this situation doesn't make sense and there's no way around it

esta situación no tiene lógica y no tiene remedio

(tener lógico → to make sense)

103

I feel like practicing these expressions

tengo ganas de practicar estas expresiones

104

it's not for you

no es para usted

105

the letter is for Roberto, but the package is for me

la carta es para Roberto pero el paquete es para mí

106

in order to be able to speak well, I ought to practice a lot

para poder hablar bien, debo practicar mucho

107

by when do you want to have it?

¿para cuándo quiere tenerlo?

(para is used to indicate a deadline or time frame)

108

how many inventions?

¿cuántas invenciones?

109

is he arriving on Saturday?

¿llega el sábado?

110

he arrived on Thursday

llegó el jueves

111

you all read

(a command)

lean ustedes

112

for tomorrow, read this book

(to several people)

para mañana, lean ustedes este libro

(para is used to indicate an assignment)

113

we will be back

estarémos de vuelta

(estar de vuelta → to be back; to have returned)

114

we will be back by next week

estarémos de vuelta para la semana que viene

115

they have to do it by Sunday

tienen que hacerlo antes del domingo

(antes de → by a certain dated)

116

they completed it after Friday

lo completaron después del viernes

(después de → later than; after)

117

I want to attend summer school

quiero asistir a la escuela de verano

118

I prefer the winter climate

prefiero el clima del invierno

119

it's cold in December

hace frío en diciembre

120

the rite

el rito

121

Stravinsky's Rite of Spring

 el rito de la primavera de Stravinsky

122

can you prepare it for me before autumn?

¿puede prepararlo para mí antes del otoño?