Vocabulary Study 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary Study 1 Deck (20):
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Abstruse

Definition: difficult to understand, recondite, concealed

Synonyms: complex, complicated, intricate, knotty

Derivatives: abstrusely, abstruseness

The preacher struggled to explain a particularly abstruse passage of text

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Archaic

Definition: antiquated, old, out of use

Synonyms: ancient, antique, obsolete, venerable

Derivatives: archaically, archaism, archaize, archaized, archaizing, archaizer

Shakespeare uses the archaic word "wherefore" where modern English speakers would use "why".

2

Assuage

Definition: to ease, to mitigate, to make less painful or burdensome, to calm

Synonyms: allay, alleviate, lighten, soothe

Derivatives: assuaged, assuaging, assuagement, assuager

During the Civil War, surgeons used morphine to assuage the pain of battle wounds.

3

Contentious

Definition: quarrelsome, stirring controversy

Synonyms: bellicose, belligerent, pugnacious

Derivatives: contentiously, contentiousness, contention

The contentious customer insisted on arguing with the manager, even after his money had been refunded.

4

Depravity

Definition: moral corruption, a wicked or perverse act

Synonyms: abasement, debasement, debauchery, perversion, vitiation

Derivatives: deprave, depraver, depravement, depraved

Stealing from helpless elderly people requires unimaginable depravity.

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Disdain

Definition: intense dislike; to treat with scorn or contempt, to reject as unworthy

Synonyms: (to be) arrogant, haughty, high-handed, insolent, lordly, supercilious

Derivatives: disdained, disdaining, disdainer, disdainful, disdainfully, disdainfulness

I disdain liars and gossips: I find it difficult even to be in their company.

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Dormant

Definition: inactive, sleeping

Synonyms: abeyant, latent, quiescent

Derivatives: dormancy

Maybe if I take a painting class, I'll awaken some dormant talent I didn't even know I had!

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Enigmatic

Definition: mysterious, inexplicable, puzzling

Synonyms: abstruse, ambiguous, cryptic, equivocal, obscure, recondite

Derivatives: enigma, enigmatical, enigmatically, enigmatize

He said, "We'll see," but I don't know what that enigmatic comment is supposed to mean.

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Furtive

Definition: secret in an underhanded way, stealthy

Synonyms: clandestine, covert, surreptitious

Derivatives: furtively, furtiveness

He glanced furtively at his neighbor's test paper, hoping the teacher wouldn't notice.

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Fuse

Definition: to mix or to join (usually by melting)

Synonyms: amalgamate, blend, coalesce, commingle, merge, mingle

Derivatives: fused, fusing, fuses, fusibility, fusible

To make steel, the manufacturer fuses iron with other metals.

10

Insipid

Definition: boring and stupid

Synonyms: banal, flat, inane, jejune, vapid

Derivatives: insipidity, insipidly, insipidness

Gossip is an insipid waste of valuable time.

11

Loathe

Definition: to detest

Synonyms: abhor, abominate

Derivatives: loathful, loathing, loathingly, loathness, loathsome

I loathe tapioca pudding; I can't think of any food I detest more.

12

Mitigate

Definition: to cause to become less harsh or hostile; to make less severe

Synonyms: allay, alleviate, assuage, lighten

Derivatives: mitigation, mitigatedly, mitigative, mitigator, mitigatory

The gentle sun mitigated the chill in the December air.

13

Nullify

Definition: to cause not to be in effect, to negate

Synonyms: abrogate, annul, invalidate

Derivatives: nullified, nullifying, nullification, nullificationist, nullificator, nullifier

If anyone cheats on a state test, the state may nullify the scores of everyone in the room!

14

Obscure

Definition: difficult to see, vague

Synonyms: abstruse, ambiguous, cryptic, enigmatic, equivocal, recondite

Derivatives: obscuration, obscurative, obscuredly, obscurely, obscurement, obscureness, obscurity

The street sign was obscure, so we missed our turn and got lost.

15

Recant

Definition: to withdraw or to repudiate a statement or belief

Synonyms: abjure, forswear, renounce, retract

Derivatives: recantation, recanter

When threatened by the Nazis, many Jews were forced to recant their religious beliefs.

16

Reprove

Definition: to scold or to rebuke for a misdeed usually with kindly intent

Synonyms: admonish, castigate, chastise, chide, reproach

Derivatives: reprovable, reprovingly, reproving, reproved, reproves, reproof

"No, no," she reproved, taking the shoe away from the puppy and giving him a toy instead.

17

Slothful

Definition: lazy, indolent

Synonyms: bovine

Derivatives: slothfully, slothfulness, sloth

She's too slothful to get up and even pick up her clothes, much less clean the house.

18

Taciturn

Definition: quiet, not verbose

Synonyms: reserved, reticent

Derivatives: tacit, tacitly, tacitness, taciturnity, taciturnly

Because he is generally a taciturn man, when he finally says a few words, we listen.

19

Vilify

Definition: to malign, to defame, to utter abusive statements against

Synonyms: asperse, calumniate, denigrate, traduce

Derivatives: vilification, vilifier, vilifying, vilifyingly

When the scandal broke, the mayor was vilified by his enemies in every newspaper in town.