Flashcards in VTE Deck (10):
What criteria would prompt you to anticoagulate a woman with superficial thrombophlebitis in pregnancy?
Symptoms very distressing
Thrombus < 5 cm from deep venous system
Thrombophlebitis affecting > 5 cm of superficial vein
How long must you wait after the last dose of LMWH (for VTE prophylaxis) before neuraxial anesthesia can be offered? What about following the last dose of UH (for prophylaxis)?
10-12 hours after last dose LMWH
Immediately after last dose UH
Why is a VQ scan preferred to CT angiography for diagnosis of PE in pregnancy?
Both expose the fetus to radiation levels well below the threshold for increased risk of childhood malignancies
CT angio - iodinated contrast crosses the placenta, theoretical risk of fetal or neonatal hypothyroidism
Does UH cross the placenta? Does LMWH?
Neither crosses the placenta - therefore no risk of fetal bleeding, no teratogenicity
Under what two circumstances might you consider an IVC filter in pregnancy?
Acute PE within 2 weeks prior to delivery
Anticoagulation is interrupted due to bleeding
(Generally IVC filters are avoided due to the radiation exposure with filter placement)
How do you treat ovarian vein thrombosis?
Broad spectrum antibiotics until afebrile & clinically improving x48 hours, therapeutic anticoagulation w/ UH x1-3 months
Little evidence re: risk of recurrence, anticoagulation in subsequent pregnancy not recommended
List three high-risk thrombophilias.
High-risk: Antithrombin deficiency, APLAS, homozygous FVL, prothrombin gene mutation, combined thrombophilias
What blood test can be used to assess the effects of UH? LMWH?
UH - aPTT
LMWH - factor Xa levels
List three indications for therapeutic anticoagulation in pregnancy.
Acute VTE in current pregnancy
Patient on therapeutic anticoagulation prior to pregnancy
Personal history of multiple VTEs
Personal history of VTE and high-risk thrombophilia (antithrombin deficiency, APLAS)