W1 Ch 1: subfields and perspectives Flashcards Preview

PSY/201 UOPX > W1 Ch 1: subfields and perspectives > Flashcards

Flashcards in W1 Ch 1: subfields and perspectives Deck (26):
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Behavioral genetics

studies the inheritance of traits related to behavior

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behavioral neuroscience

Examines the biological basis of behavior

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Clinical psychology

deals with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of psychological disorders

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Clinical neuropsychology

focuses on the relationship between biological and psychological disorders

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cognitive psychology

focuses on the study of higher mental processes

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counseling psychology

focuses primarily on educational, social, and career adjustment problems

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cross-cultural psychology

investigates the similarities and differences in psychological functioning in and across various cultures and ethnic groups

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developmental psychology

examines how people grow and change from the moment of conception through death

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educational psychology

concerned with teaching and learning processes, such as the relationship between motivation and school performance

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environmental psychology

considers the relationship between people and their physical environment

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evolutionary psychology

considers how behavior is influenced by our genetic inheritance from our ancestors

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experimental psychology

studies the processes of sensing, perceiving, learning, and thinking about the world

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forensic psychology

focuses on legal issues, such as determining the accuracy of witness memories

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health psychology

explores the relationship between psychological factors and physical ailments or disease

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industrial/organizational psychology

concerned with the psychology of the workplace

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personality psychology

focuses on the consistency in people's behavior over time and the traits that differentiate one person from another

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program evaluation

focuses on assessing large-scale programs to determine whether they are effective in meeting their goals

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psychology of women

focuses on issues such as discrimination against women and the causes of violence against women

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school psychology

devoted to counseling children in elementary and secondary schools who have academic or emotional problems

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social psychology

the study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and actions are affected by others

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sport psychology

applies psychology to athletic activity and exercise

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neuroscience perspective

the approach that views behavior from the perspective of the brain, the nervous system, and other biological functions

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psychodynamic perspective

the approach based on the view that behavior is motivated by unconscious inner forces over which the individual has little control

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behavioral perspective

the approach that suggests that observable, measurable behavior should be the focus of study

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cognitive perspective

the approach that focuses on how people think, understand, and know about the world

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humanistic perspective

the approach that suggests that all individuals naturally strive to grow, develop, and be in control of their lives and behavior