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Flashcards in W1 History of Psychology Deck (16)
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1

Define psychology

Scientific investigation of mental processes (thinking, remembering, feeling) behavior and the interaction between them

2

What is proponent of 'structuralism' ?

Structure of consciousness

3

Who discovered 'structuralisim'?

Wilhelm Wundt

4

What is the proponent of 'functionalism'?

Function or what gets done is more important than the structure of what is being done

5

Who discovered 'functionalism'?

William James

6

Define Scientific Method

Set of orderly steps used to analyse and solve problems

7

What is a paradigm?

A broad system of theoretical assumptions employed by a scientific community

8

Define psychodynamic perspective

Conscious and unconscious forces interact to control our thoughts and behaviours

9

Who was the founder of the Psychodynamic perspective?

Sigmund Freud

10

How do you collect data on psychodynamic perspective?

Through talkling and dream analysis. Criticised for non-empirical approach

11

What is behaviourism?

Environmental stimuli controls behaviour through learning
* Experimental learning

12

Who founded behaviourism?

John B Watson, B.F. Skinner

13

What is the humanistic perspective?

Focuses on the uniqueness of the individual and that people are motivated to reach their full potential

14

What is the Cognitive Perspective?

Focuses on how people process, store and retrieve info

15

What is the Evolutionary perspective?

Human behaviours evolved because they helped our ancestors survive and reproduce

16

Define Biological Psychology

Seeks to understand the neural underpinnings of emotional behaviour