Flashcards in W1 History of Psychology Deck (16)
Scientific investigation of mental processes (thinking, remembering, feeling) behavior and the interaction between them
What is proponent of 'structuralism' ?
Structure of consciousness
Who discovered 'structuralisim'?
What is the proponent of 'functionalism'?
Function or what gets done is more important than the structure of what is being done
Who discovered 'functionalism'?
Define Scientific Method
Set of orderly steps used to analyse and solve problems
What is a paradigm?
A broad system of theoretical assumptions employed by a scientific community
Define psychodynamic perspective
Conscious and unconscious forces interact to control our thoughts and behaviours
Who was the founder of the Psychodynamic perspective?
How do you collect data on psychodynamic perspective?
Through talkling and dream analysis. Criticised for non-empirical approach
What is behaviourism?
Environmental stimuli controls behaviour through learning
* Experimental learning
Who founded behaviourism?
John B Watson, B.F. Skinner
What is the humanistic perspective?
Focuses on the uniqueness of the individual and that people are motivated to reach their full potential
What is the Cognitive Perspective?
Focuses on how people process, store and retrieve info
What is the Evolutionary perspective?
Human behaviours evolved because they helped our ancestors survive and reproduce