Psychological disorders Flashcards Preview

PSY111 > Psychological disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Psychological disorders Deck (59)
Loading flashcards...
1

Define psychopathology

Refers to patterns of thoughts, feelings and behaviour that disrupt a persons sense of wellbeing or social functioning

2

Define mental health

A state of emotional and social well being

3

Define mental health problems

The wide range of emotional and behavioural abnormalities that affect people throughout their life

4

Define mental health disorders

A clinically recognizable set of symptoms and behaviors which usually need treatment to be alleviated

5

Differentitate between the contemporary approaches to psychopathology

labeling theory
Rosenhan study
Biopsychology and behaviour
Psychodynamic perspective
biolocial perspective

6

Outline the positive symptoms of schizophrenia

Signal the presence of something not usually there - acute phase, hallucinations, physios

7

Outline the negative symptoms of schizophrenia

Signal the absence of a function - lacking emotion, motivation, complex thought

8

Outline the key symptoms of some of the major psychopathological syndromes

ADHD
Schizophrenia

9

Define the labeling theory?

Argues that diagnoses of abnormality are labels for people considered deviant

10

What is the Rosenhan study?

Pseudo patients claimed to hear voices were admitted to psychiatric hospitals, no hospitals detected them as fakes

11

What is Biopsychology and behaviour?

Mental illness as disease and observation of individual behaviour

12

What is Psychoses?

Marked disturbances of contact with reality

13

What is the continumum of psychopathology?

Normal - personality disorder - psychotic

14

Describe the Psychodynamic perspective?

The Psychodynamic perspective recognises three classes of psychopathology
1. Neuroses
2: Psychoses

15

Define the cognitive in regards to cognitive-behaviour perspectice

Many pscyhological disorders reflect disfunctional attitudes, beliefs and cognitive processes

16

Define behavioural in regards to the cognitive-behavioural perspective

Many psychological problems arise from conditioned emotion responses ( a neutral stimulus becomes associated with a negative emotion)

17

What is the biolocial perspective on psychpathology?

The biological perspective seeks the roots of abnormal behaviour within the brain
- Neurtransmitter dysfunction

18

What is the systems perspective on psychpathology?

The system perspective seeks the root of abnormality in context of a social group ( and families)

19

What is the family systems model on psychopathology?

An individuals symptoms are viewed as a symptom of dysfunction family

20

What is the evolutionary perspective on psychopathology?

Provides insight into psychopathology rather than a comprehensive system of understanding and treatment

21

What is the biolocial perspective on psychpathology?

The biological perspective seeks the roots of abnormal behaviour within the brain
- Neurtransmitter dysfunction

22

What is a descriptive diagnosis?

The current diagnostic system assumes that we can distinguish normal from abnormal. Symptoms fall into discrete clusters or constellations called syndromes

23

Describe the DSC and what does it stand for?

Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, the american psychiatric association publishes a manual that attempts to classify signs and symptoms into syndromes

24

Describe the DSM and what does it stand for?

Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, the american psychiatric association publishes a manual that attempts to classify signs and symptoms into syndromes

25

What is ADHD characterised by?

Inattention, impulsiveness and hyperactivity

26

What is Schizophrenia characterised by?

It is un umbrella term for a number of psychotic disorders involving disturbances in:
Thought: illogical thought systems and delusions
Perception: presence of hallucinations
Language: word salad, disconnected ideas
Affect: Emotion (flat or absent)

27

What are the biological basis of schizophrenia?

Diathesis-stress model: Develops in people with an underlying vulnerability (diathesis) that is compounded by stress
Dopamine hypothesis: reflects elevated levels of dopamine in brain

28

Describe the environmental contributions to schizophrenia

Pattern of communication and expression o femtion
Experience of physical and/or sexual abuse as a child
Event in utero

29

What is neural atrophy in schizophrenia?

Neuron loss in the brain result in a diminished volume of brain tissue. Enlarged ventricles are common in finding schizophrenia (emotional regulation

30

Describe depressive disorders

Characterised by disturbance of emotion and mood, mania (an excessive degree of happiness) and depression.