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Flashcards in War In The Pacific Dates Deck (30):

What did the 1919 Treaty mean for Japan?

Though Japan had supported the Allies Japan was disappointed by the Treaty of Versailles. It was allowed to keep China but began to loose power over it. Japan also tried to introduce equality into the treaty but failed.


In the 1930s what was happening in Japan?

During the Great Depression there was great unemployment and social problems in Japan which led to the aggressive military taking over the government. The military was very nationalistic and militaristic and and their movements led to the idea of ‘Greater East Asian Co-prosperity Sphere’. Which aimed to get Japan more influence over Asian counties and more access to resources.


When did Japan sign the anti communism pact with Germany?



When did Japan invade china?



When did Japan cement a pact with Germany and Italy? What was it called?

1940. Tripartite. They became the Axis Powers


When was Pearl Harbour bombed? What did this cause?

7th of December 1941. The Naval base in Pearl Harbour, Hawaii was bombed alerting the allies of the threat the Japan really was. Prior to this they didn't see Japan as a threat and were caught up in war in Europe. This caused the Netherlands, America and Australia to declare war on Japan.


What areas had Japan invaded between 1941 and 1943?

Japan appeared to have the upper hand and claimed: Malaya, Singapore, Hong Kong, the Philippines, Guam, Burma, French Indochina Dutch East Indies, parts of New Guinea and Wake Island.


When were women and children evacuated Darwin in fear of Japanese attack?

December 1941


When did Singapore fall? How many allies were trapped?

15 February 1942. Singapore surrendered leaving 130000 Allied soldiers (15000 Australians) as Japanese prisoners of war.


When did the Japanese launch an attack on Darwin? How many were killed? By 1943 where had been bombed and how many had died?

19 February 1942. Japan launched an assault on Darwin, killing 250 people. By 1943 there had been 64 air raids in Darwin and other northern towns were also struck. 97 airborne attacks and 900 soldiers and civilians were killed. 80 aircrafts were lost.


When did Japanese midget submarines enter Sydney harbour? What happened? Were there later submarine attacks?

31 May 1942. Three Japanese midget submarines, launched from further out at sea entered Sydney Harbour. A ferry was sunk and 21 people died before the submarines were sunk. A week later two larger submarines shelled suburbs of Sydney and nearby New Castle. Little damage was done.


When did the Japanese capture bases in New Guinea? What did they plan on? What did Curtin do in response?

March 1942 Japanese forces established bases on New Guinea with the goal of capturing Port Moresby and from there launching regular bomber raids against northern Australia. With this threat Prime Minister Curtin placed the American General, Douglas MacArthur in charge of Australian forces.


When was the battle of coral sea? What was it?

4-8 May 1942. The Battle of Coral Sea. This was fought off the north-east coast of Queensland. It prevented the Japanese from launching as sea-based assault on Port Moresby. This forced them to make a land based assault via the Kokoda trail.


When was the battle of midway and what was it? How did the US use this?

4-7 June. The Battle of Midway. Japanese Naval forces attempted to lure American aircraft carriers into a trap to capture the strategically important Midway Islands. US code breakers intercepted Japanese communications. The US Navy destroyed 4 Japanese aircraft carriers and more that 200 aircraft, severely weakening the Japanese. The US used this weakness to prevent supply ships taking supplies to the Japanese in the region.


When was the Maroubra Forces created and what for?

Early 1942. Japanese forces occupied areas of north-east New Guinea. Because of the increased risk of attack at Port Moresby and lack of trained soldiers led to the development of the Maroubra Forces.


When did troops reach Kokoda to defend it?

15 July 1942. After 8 days and nights of travelling the troops reached Kokoda to defend it.


When did the first clash at the Kokoda trail happen and where was it? What happened?

23 July 1942. The first clash of the Kokoda Campaign occurred at Kumusi River and the Australian troops were pushed back to Kokoda.


Why were the allies pushed further back to Deniki? And when?

29 July 1942. 80 men defended Kokoda against the Japanese. They suffered casualties and had to retreat further back to the village of Deniki.


When did Australian troops try to retake Kokoda? What happened?

8 August 1942. The Australian troops tried to retake Kokoda but had to retreat and met with the reserves at Port Moresby. They prepared to defend the trail at Isurava. This was a major turning point in the battle.


When did the Australians push the Japanese back?

October 1942.


When did the Allies take back Kokoda?

November 2 1942


When did the Allies make two successful counter attacks?



When did America start attacking Japanese home islands? Was it effective? Why?

1944. Americans had B-29 bombers that could reach Japan. They raided Japan and it was higher effective. Wooden houses and paper houses


When was Tokyo raided? How many died?

8 March 1942. A single raid on Tokyo killed 83000 civilians.


When was the Potsdam declaration? What was it?

July 1945. The Allies issued the Potsdam declaration to the Japanese, asking them to surrender. If they didn't they would be bombed.


When was Hiroshima bombed? With what?

6 August 1945. America bombed Hiroshima with an atomic bomb, to get Japan to surrender.


When was Nagasaki bombed? With what?

9 August 1945. Americans dropped an atomic bomb on Nagasaki.


When does Japan accept the Potsdam declaration and surrender?

14 August 1945


When was the war in the Pacific?

7 December 1941 to 2 September 1945


When was the Kokoda Campaign?

July to November 1942