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Flashcards in Waste Deck (18):
1

Define the following:
- Consumer society
- Throwaway society
- Landfill
- Incineration

- Where people continually
buy new things
- Where people throw
things away, even if they
are still working
- Where waste is buried underground
- When waste is burned

2

Define domestic waste

Domestic waste is waste produced in the home

3

What are the 3 types of domestic waste?

- White goods
- Packaging
- E-waste

4

Describe the differences in waste production by HICs and LICs

HICs:
- A lot more waste
- More newspapers
- More e-waste

LICs:
- Less glass
- Less waste
- Less packaging

5

Why do some countries produce more waste that others?

- HICs produce packaging
for advertising and
transport
- Low literacy levels
therefore less
newspapers
- Throw away things
before the end of their
life
- More money therefore
buy more

6

Use a case study to explain how waste is recycled locally
- Green waste
- Textiles
- Mixed cans
- Glass and cardboard

- Green and food waste -
sent to Ardley to be
turned into fertiliser by
anaerobic digestion
- Textiles - sent to Oxfam to
be sent to LICs
- Mixed cans - sent to
Oxfam to be recycled
- Glass and cardboard -
sent to Enstone to be
recycled

7

How can the following products be recycled?:
- Paper
- Glass bottles
- Aluminium cans
- Vegetable peelings

- Turned into pulp, then
squeezed out into paper
- Broken down into cullets
and then used for new
glass
- Shredded, melted and
turned into steel rings
- Composted

8

Use a case study to explain how HICs dispose of different types of waste
- Packaging
- Nuclear
- E-waste
- Domestic

- Packaging - green dot scheme where produced can be returned to manufacturer, more packaging increases cost of green dot
- Nuclear - buried in old mines in Saxony
- E-waste - sent to Ghana
- Domestic - recycled or
sent to incinerators, pay
as you throw

9

What are the advantages and disadvantages of landfill?

Advantages:
- Produces methane which
can be burnt as a fuel
source
- Anything can be buried
- Can be built on when
finished with

Disadvantages:
- Running out of space
- EU tax on landfill
- Can pollute water
supplies
- Visual pollution and
smells

10

What are the advantages and disadvantages of incineration?

Advantages:
- Little waste produced
- Ash can be used on
roads and in construction
- Can be used to produce
electricity

Disadvantages:
- Concern that emissions
can cause cancer
- Visual pollution

11

Define the following and give an example:
- Renewable resources
- Non-renewable resources

Renewable: a resource that won't run out, eg. wind

Non-renewable: a resource that will eventually run out

12

What are the advantages of producing and developing one renewable and one renewable resource?

Renewable (wind):
- Wind is free
- No greenhouse gases
- Can be used on land
and at sea

Non-renewable (coal):
- Coal is found in many
countries
- Relatively cheap to mine
- Relatively easy to convert

13

What are the disadvantages on the global environment of one non-renewable and one resource?

Renewable:
- Unsightly
- Greenhouse gases
- Disturb migration of birds
- Doesn't work in too much
wind or not enough

Non-renewable:
- Waste-heaps
- Deep mining can be
dangerous
- Acid rain is a problem
- Greenhouse gases
emittes

14

Explain why the energy mixes varies

- HICs have more money
so can afford to use more
energy
- HICs have more money
so can afford to buy more
things which need energy
- Those places with a
higher population will
need more energy
- Some countries have
their own sources of
energy so are able to use
it more

15

Explain how energy is being wasted domestically and industrially

- Lights left on
- TVs on standby
- Windows open when
heating is on
- Lack of insulation

16

What is a carbon footprint? Explain why it is different for different countries

A carbon footprint is the amount of carbon dioxide that a country produces

- HICs produce more
things so use more CO2
- HICs have more cars and
factories using more
CO2
- HICs use more energy so
therefore burn more
fossil fuels to create
electricity

17

Explain the possible solutions to energy wastage on a domestic scale

- Cavity wall insulation
- Loft insulation
- Energy saving lightbulbs
- Turning down thermostat
- Double glazing

18

Explain the possible solutions to energy wastage on a national scale

NW Bicester Housing Development

- 393 energy efficient
homes
- Use of local contractors to
reduce carbon emissions
- No waste to landfill
- Solor panels
- Information system in how
measure energy usage
and costs
- CHP - a combined heat
and power plant for
development