Weather And Climate Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Weather And Climate Vocabulary Deck (27):
1

the force that air puts on an area (related word: pressure)

Air pressure

2

layers of gas that surround a planet (related word: atmospheric)

Atmosphere

3

a tool used to measure air pressure (related word: barometric)

Barometer

4

the pressure (force per unit area) of the atmosphere against a surface

Barometric pressure

5

the metric temperature scale: Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius, and it freezes at 0 degrees Celsius.

Celsius

6

the current or past long-term weather conditions characteristic of a region or the entire Earth.

Climate

7

a collection of water droplets or ice crystals in the atmosphere

Cloud

8

anvil-shaped cloud that is often involved in heavy or violent storms: Cumulonimbus clouds are also called thunderheads. (related words: cumulus, nimbus)

Cumulonimbus cloud

9

large, fluffy, white clouds, often seen in fair skies; can develop into cumulonimbus clouds

Cumulus cloud

10

the temperature at which water vapor in the air condenses into water

Dew point

11

a prolonged shortage of rainfall

Drought

12

the temperature at which a liquid turns into a solid

Freezing point

13

a storm with strong winds and rain that forms over tropical waters (related term: typhoon, tropical cyclone)

Hurricane

14

in weather, the boundary between two masses of air with different properties

Front

15

a rotating, funnel-shaped cloud: Funnel clouds do not touch the ground.

Funnel cloud

16

the slow warming of Earth's atmosphere due to climatic change

Global Warming

17

small, icy balls that fall from the sky

Hail

18

the measure of how much water vapor is in the air

Humidity

19

the study of patterns of weather

Meteorology

20

water that is released from clouds in the sky; includes rain, snow, sleet, hail, and freezing rain

Precipitation

21

water that is released from clouds in the sky; includes rain, snow, sleet, hail, and freezing rain

Thunder

22

a weather system that produces heavy precipitation, winds, lightning, and thunder

Thunderstorms

23

a funnel-shaped cloud or column of air that rotates at high speeds and extends downward from a cloud to the ground

Tornado

24

describing a climate that is very hot and humi

Tropical

25

a region of low pressure with counter-clockwise wind rotation that develops into a hurricane or tropical storm

Depression

26

a hurricane or tropical storm originating in the Pacific Ocean

Typhoon

27

the properties of the atmosphere at a given time and location, including temperature, air movement and precipitation

Weather