Weather, Climate & Vegetation of South Africa Flashcards Preview

Geography G5 2H > Weather, Climate & Vegetation of South Africa > Flashcards

Flashcards in Weather, Climate & Vegetation of South Africa Deck (33):
1

What is weather?

It is what the ATMOSPHERE or AIR is like at a certain time

2

What do you use to measure temperature?

Thermometer

3

What is the unit of measurement for temperature

Degrees Celcius

4

How do you write Degrees Celcius

°C

5

What is "minimum temperature"?

The coldest point in the day

6

What is "maximum temperatures"?

The hottest point in the day

7

What is wind?

Air that is blowing across the land's surface

8

What do you use to measure wind strength

Anemometer

9

What unit of measurement do we use to say how strong or how fast the wind is?

Kilometers per hour

10

How do you write kilometres per hour

km/h

11

How do you measure the direction of wind?

By the direction it is coming from

12

Name the 8 points of the compass

N, NE, E, S, SE, W SW, NW

13

Answer the questions on Page 61 in the Text Book

From the West,

14

What is Precipitation?

Rain, Snow, Hail
And other forms of water
That fall to the ground

15

What is Rain?

Water falling in DROPLETS

16

What is Hail?

Water falling as FROZEN DROPLETS during a THUNDERSTORM

17

What is snow?

Water falling as FROZEN ICE CRYSTALS

18

What do you call rain falling for a short time?

A Shower

19

What do you call rain falling for along time but the drops are light?

A Drizzle

20

What do you use to measure rain?

Rain Gauge

21

What unit of measurement do you use to measure rain?

Millimeters (mm)

22

How does a wind vane work

The arrow points in the direction the wind is coming from

23

How does a wind sock work?

It fills up with wind and blows away from the direction of the wind.

24

On a weather map what are the 3 ways that cloud cover is described?

Cloudy, partly cloudy, clear

25

In South Africa what is the name of the organisation that monitors the weather?

South African Weather Services

26

Name the 3 place the South African Weather Services gathers its information?

Aeroplanes
Ships at Sea
Space

27

Name 3 places where you can find out what kind of weather to expect every day?

Weather reports on TV
Daily weather forecasts in the Newspaper
Weather reports on the radio

28

Name the different symbols you can find on a weather map

Sun
Cloud
Lighting bolt
Wind speed direction
Temperature

29

What is the difference between "WEATHER" and "CLIMATE"

Weather is : The temperature, cloud cover and precipitation in a SMALL area at a PARTICULAR time.
Climate is : What the weather is USUALLY like over a LARGE area at a certain TIME OF YEAR.

30

Do activity P on page 65

Reading rainfall

31

Is South Africa consider a generally dry or wet country

Very dry

32

In which part of South Africa do we find most of the towns and cities?
North
South
East
West?

On the Eastern half of the country

33

Why are most of the cities and towns found in that part of South Africa?

Because this is where the highest rainfall is.