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Flashcards in Week 1 Deck (29)
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1

What is the difference between TRADITIONAL and NEW Asepsis?

Traditional is DO NO HARM by individual and New implies that safety is a system property. New is the better approach

1

What does cleaning mean?

Physical removal of organic matter to reduce microbial growth prior to killing the micropbes

2

What products are used in cleaning?

Soap, water, and friction

3

What does sterializing mean?

Removal or destruction of all microorganisms. Absolute cleaniest form.

4

What does disinfection mean?

Reduction in the # and type of mircroorganisms on surfaces.

5

What does antispesis mean?

Inhibition of growth of mircroorganisms on living tissue

6

What is the purpose of med/surg asepsis ?

prevent contamination of an open wound

7

What does a sterile technique hope to do?

isolate the operative area from the unsterile environment and maintain a sterile field

8

What is another word for healthcare associated infection ?

Nosocomial

9

What does iatrogenic mean?

dev. Condition as a result of an unintended med treatment

10

What does endogenous mean?

Anything that originates internally

11

What does exogenous mean?

Anything that originates outside

12

What typre of bacterias can cause infection?

Anaerobic, aerobic, gram neg, and gram pos bacteria

13

If you are practicing universal safety procautions, you are protected from what?

blood borne pathogens and bodily fluids

14

What are 3 examples of illness that universal pracautions protect you from?

HIV, hep B, and other bloodborne pathogens

15

Standard precautions protects you from?

blood, bodily fluids, secretions, excretions (no sweat), nonintact skin, and mucous membranes

16

What are some practices of standard precautions?

hand hygiene, use of gloves, gown, mask, eye protection or face shield, patient-care equipment, environmental cleaning, linen, patient resuscitations, and safe injection practices

17

What are the parts of the chain of infection?

infectious agent, susceptible host, mode of entry, transmission, mode of exit, reservoir

18

Contact precautions are indicated for PT who:

contaminate the environment with their blood or bodily fluids ( profuse bleeding & diarrhea, draining wounds that cant be contained w/ a dressing)

19

What kind of PPE would you wear for contact precautions?

glove and gown

20

Airborne precautions reduce the transmission of particle < __?

5 microns in size

21

Airborne precautions are indicated for what kind of PT?

M. tuberculosis, varicella virus (chickenpox), rubeola virus (measles), disseminated herpes zoster (shingles)

22

What would you wear to protect yourself when entering airborne cautioned room?

N95 maks

23

What are droplet precautions used for?

reduce the risk of transmission of pathogens in whole or in part by droplets > 5 microns in size.

24

Droplet precautions are indicated for which illnesses?

Neisseria meningitis, influenze, Petussis (whooping cough), mumps, rubella virus

25

What PPE will you use with Droplet Precaution rooms?

use mask N95 or reg mask, throughout the day.

26

How often should you wash your hands?

15 seconds

27

What are the new focuses of Hand Hygiene?

care is customized according to PT's needs and values? Educate, protect, and promote

28

What are some preventable occurrences in Healthcare?

CRBSI (catheter-related blood stream infections), CAUTI (catheter-associated urinary tract infection), and Mediastinitis ( extrernal wound w/ infections & inflammation)