Week 1 Flashcards Preview

Intro To Anesthesia > Week 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 1 Deck (12):
1

What is Anesthesia?

  • No memory -
  • oss of consciousness
  • Loss of all senses
  • immobility
  • abolition of reflexes (somatic and autonomic)

2

Autonomic nervous system

  • Controls the things that your body does unconsciously 
  • breathing, HR, digestive processes, etc.

 

3

Somatic nervous system

-the peripheral nervous system and central nervous system -control the musculoskeletal system

4

Alice Magaw

  • mother of Anesthesia
  • 14,000 documented anesthetic given without any anesthesia complication

5

Triad of General anesthesia

6

Continuum of anesthetic state

  • General anesthesia
  • deep sedation
  • moderate sedation
  • minimal sedation
  • regional anesthesia 
  • local anesthesia

7

general anesthesia

patient is unconsious. 

*inhaled vapors and IV drugs

8

deep sedation

pt sleeps through surgery with little memory upon waking

supplemental oxygen often given

9

moderate sedation

patients feel drowsy and may sleep through procedure but awaken when spoken to or touched.  Memory of procedure is minimal.

10

minimal sedation

patients feel relaxed but may be awake.  Can answer questions and follow instructions.  Will have memory.

11

regional anesthesia

injection near a cluster of nerves will numb the area that requires surgery.  Pt stays awake.

12

local anesthesia

anasthetic drug is usually injected into the tissue to numb the specific location requiring minor surgery.