Flashcards in Week 1 Deck (262)
What are the parts that the brain can be divided into?
The ____ is the forward most portion of the brain
The forebrain/ prosencephalon
What divides the frontal lobe from the parietal lobe?
The central sulcus
What fissure is between the parietal and frontal lobe and the temporal lobe?
Lateral (Sylvian) fissure
The ____ fissure separates the two hemisphere of the brain
What are the bumps/grooves in the brain called?
What are the crevices in the brain called?
The ____ gyrus is the motor cortex
The *pre-central* gyrus is the motor cortex
The ____ gyrus is the somatosensory cortex
The *post-central* gyrus is the somatosensory cortex
The ____ gyrus is the auditory cortex
The *superior temporal gyrus* gyrus is the auditory cortex
What is the largest lobe of the brain?
The frontal lobe
Where is the frontal lobe located?
In front of the parietal and temporal lobe
What part of the frontal lobe is directly anterior to the central sulcus?
The precentral gyrus
___ plays a large role in voluntary motion, planning, motivation and has alot of dopamines
*The frontal lobe* plays a large role in voluntary motion, has alot of dopamines
What is the function of the frontal lobe?
Involves the ability to project future consequences resulting from current actions.
____ is the thinking part of the brain, helps up choose between good and bad, can override or suppress socially unacceptable responses
*The frontal lobe* is the thinking part of the brain, helps up choose between good and bad, can override or suppress socially unacceptable responses
Where is the parietal lobe located?
Above the occipital lobe and behind the frontal lobe
____ integrates all the sensory information including spatial sense, navigation and awareness of where our body parts are
*The parietal lobe* integrates all the sensory information including spatial sense, navigation and awareness of where our body parts are
What are the main sensory inputs that we get from the skin?
Touch, temp, and nociception
The main sensory inputs we get from the skin is related through the __ to the parietal lobe
The main sensory inputs we get from the skin is related through the *thalamus* to the parietal lobe
Several areas of the ___ are involved in language processing
Several areas of the *parietal lobe* are involved in language processing
What are the areas with huge devotion to the somatosensory cortex?
Lips, face, and hand
What are some of the primary areas of body and spatial awareness where we're aware of our body and we use when driving a vehicle to know the boundaries of the vehicle?
Superior parietal and inferior parietal lobules
What is hemi-neglect/left sided hemineglect?
When the right side of the parietal lobe is affected in an injury
Where is the temporal lobe?
Beneath the lateral/sylvian fissure on both hemispheres of the brain
The temporal lobe is mainly involved in...?
Processing sensory input, assigning meaning to all the appropriate visual memory, language comprehension, emotional association, etc
What are the functions of the temporal lobe?
Memory, auditory perception and processing, interpretation, visual stimuli, and establishing object recognition.
____ is the visual processing center of the brain
The occipital lobe
What is the primary visual cortex and where is it located?
- Broadman's area 17 commonly called V1/visual 1.
- Located on the medial side of the occipital lobe within the calcarine sulcus into the posterior pull of the occipital lobe