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Flashcards in Week 2 Deck (29)
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1

Culminate v.

End up
Conclude
Finish

A series of events for teachers and students will culminate in a Shakespeare festival next year.

2

Cumbersome adj.

Awkward
Burdensome
Weighty
Unmanageable
(Sangin, mayeye zahmat)

Cumbersome procedures
Doctors are complaining that the system is cumbersome and bureaucratic.

3

Cushion v.

Protect

Cushion somebody from/against something

4

Decimate v.

Devastate
Destroy
Wreak havoc on

Decimation of rain forests

5

Deficient adj.

Lacking
Inadequate
Insufficient
Scant
Scarce
Defective
Inferior
Weak

Iron deficient
Deficient in vitamin C

6

Deflect v.

Turn aside
Bend
Deviate
Diverge
(Monharef krdn)

He attempts to deflect attention away from his private life.
Deflect one’s from reaching their goals

7

Desiccated adj.

Dehydrated
Dried
Completely dry

Desiccated leaves

8

Deplete v.

Use up
Consume
Drain
Empty
Exhaust
Impoverish

The depletion of the ozone layer

9

Detractor n.

Fault-finder
Critic

Even the president’s detractors admit that the decision was the right one.

10

Deviate v.

Differ
Depart
Diverge
Stray

He did not deviate frin his plan.
The plane had to deviate from its normal flight path.

11

Devoid of adj.

Lack of
Bereft (bi gonaah)
Deficient
Empty

His face was devoid of any warmth or humor.
The skies are devoid of birdlife.

12

Diffuse

Expand
Spread
Propagate

The pollutants diffuse into the soil.
Their ideas diffused quickly across Europe.
An attempt to diffuse his anger (to make a bad feeling or situation less strong or serious)

13

Dilute

Weaken
Reduce
Decrease
Lessen
Mitigate

Diluted fruit juice
Delute the paint with some oil.
An attempt to dilute the proposals (to make a quality, belief etc. weaker or less effective)
Any dilution of standards must be resisted.

14

Adriot adj.

Skillful
Adept (maaher)
Deft
Dexterous (zerang)
Expert
Proficient

An adroit negotiator/politician

15

Disguise

Hide
Camouflage (estetaar)
Conceal
Shroud (pooshesh)
Cover
Mask
Veil (hejaab)

Maybe you could disguise yourself as a waiter and sneak in there.
There’s no way u can disguise that southern accent.
The speech was seen by many as a thinly disguised attack on the president.

16

Disposition

(Vaz’)
Character
Temper
Tendency
Inclination
Propensity

People of a nervous/sociable/sensible etc. disposition
Have/show a disposition to do something
Neither side shows the slightest disposition to compromise.
Most children have a disposition towards obedience.

17

Dissipate

Squander (esraaf, velkharji)
Waste, consume, disappear, vanish

As he thought it over, his anger gradually dissipated.
His savings were soon dissopated (wasted).

18

Efface v.

(Zodoodan)
Obliterate
Delete, eradicate (rishe kan), erase

Nothing can efface the last picture I have of them from my mind.
With time, the words are effaced by the rain.

19

Elusive adj.

(Zirak, gorizaan) Difficult to catch, shifty, slippery (laghzande), tricky, fleeting (zoodgozar), intangible (naa mahsoos, boghranj)

For me, the poem has an elusive quality (difficult to describe or understand).

20

Emanate

(Sarcheshme grftn)
Arise, derive, emerge, originate, stem

Wonderful smells were emanating from the kitchen.
Intelligence and cunning(hilegari) emanate from him.

21

Embark on

Begin: commence: launch: initiate: set out

He embarked on a new career as a teacher.

22

Encapsulate

Sum up: abridge: compress: condense: summarize

The words of the song neatly encapsulate the mood of the country at that time.

23

Endorse

Approve: advocate: champion: support: promote

I can endorse his opinion wholeheartedly.
Celebrity endorsement

24

Endrow

(Vaghf krdn)
Provide: award: bestow

She was endowed with good looks.

25

Engulf

Immerse: envelop: inunate: submerge: overwhelm

The building was engulfed in flames.
The pain engulfed him.

26

Ephemeral adj.

Breif: fleetibg: passing: short-lived: transient

Fashion is by nature ephemeral.
Hopes of political unity in the rehion have proved ephemeral.

27

Erroneous adj.

Incorrect: fallaciouy: faulty: flawed: invalid

His economic predictions are based on some erroneous assumptions.
The have arrived at some arroneous conclusions.

28

Escalate

Increase: expand: extend: heighten: intensify: mount

Her fear was escalating into panic.
A rapid escalation in value

29

Euphoric adj.

(Sarkhosh) Delighted: blissful: cheerful: ecstatic: overjoyed

I had received euphoric support from the public.