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Flashcards in Week 3 Deck (52)
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1

People who get Opportunistic fungal infections
(always found on the body)

1. Diabetic
2. Malignancies (adv.)
3. Radiation
4. Immunosuppressed

2

Do opprotunistic fungal infections perforate the palate like Deep fungal infections?

Yes

3

Anachoresis occurs in Opprotunistic fungal infections?

Yes (true)

4

Opprotunistic fungal infections
-Which are shaped as L
-Which as Y

L is Aspergillosis
Y is Mucormycosis (Phy)

5

What is the treatment for Opprotunistic fungal infections

Amphotericin B

6

3 most common Immunologic diseases

1. Aphthous ulcers
2. Drug reaction
3. Erythema Multiforme

7

Aphthous Ulcers
-What predisposes one to them? (4)

1. Women
2. Allergies
3. Stress
4. Acidic Foods

8

At what rate in a year would one be concerened about RECURRENT Aphthous ulcers having a systemic underlying CAUSE?

5-6 in SAME location in a Year.

9

What are some systemic implication for RECURRENT aphthous ulcers? (4)

1. Vitamin deficiencies
2. Celiacs
3. Crohn's
4. AIDS

10

Three types of Aphthous ulcers? (3)

1. Minor
2. Major
3. Herpetiform

11

Characteristics of minor Aphthous Ulcers?
-size, shape, Number, location

size-0.5 cm
Shape-oval
Number-1to5
Location-Mucosa (mobile non-keratinized)

12

Characteristics of minor Aphthous Ulcers?
-Pain
-Scarring

Moderate to mild Pain

No scarring (primary healing)

13

Characteristics of Major Aphthous ulcers?
-size, shape, Number, location

Size-1.0cm
Shape-RAGGED oval
Number-1to10
Location-Mucosa (mobile non-keratinized)

14

Characteristics of Major Aphthous Ulcers?
-Pain
-Scarring

ExTREME Pain

Has scarring (secondary healing)

15

Characteristics of Herpetiform Aphthous ulcers?
-size, shape, Number, location

**PHOTO is on test (MANY little lesions!!!)

Size-0.5cm
Shape-oval
Number-10to100
Location-Usually not gingiva (but can be anywhere)

16

Aphthous ulcer Differencial (4)

HSV
Truamatic ulcers
Neutropenia
Vesiculobullous ulcers

17

Treatment of Aphthous ulcer? (4)

Steroids (topical or systemic)
Topical tetracycline
Debacterol-->Chemical cauterization

18

**Topical tetracycline (Low dose Doxy) Helps to differentiate Seondary HSV from aphthous ulcers, as the tetracycline is NOT effective against HSV (viral).

BLANK

19

Recalcitrant means?

Chronically Recurrent (ulcers)
-biopsy them

20

What is the cause of a recalcitrant Aphthous ulcer?

Crohn's disease

21

recalcitrant Aphthous ulcer
-histopathology

-NON-caseating granulomas

22

***Crohn's has skip lesions (repeated endoscopes required) hard to diagnose

BLANK

23

Behcet's Syndrome
-Age
-Sex
-HS Type (1-4?)

age - 20-30
sex - males
Hypersensitivity - IV Delayed

24

Behcet's Syndrome
-Triad of involvement (3)
-HLA type

1. Mouth
2. Eyes
3. Genitals
HLA-B51

25

Behcet's Syndrome
-Initial manifestation
-Key systemic symptom

MAJOR 'Aphthous' ulcers (ragged ovals)

-Systemic Arthritis

26

Behcet's Syndrome Treatments (2)

Steroids
Immunosuppresive medications

27

Reiter's
-Age
-Sex
-Location

-Age 30-40
-White men
-Location: Hard palate* or tongue

28

Reiter's
-Triad

1. Polyarthritis(joints)
2. Conjunctivitis(eyes)
3. Urethritis(PEEPEE)

29

Reiter's
-HLA?

HLA-B27

30

Reiter's
-Pain level?

No pain