Week 4 Flashcards
In your diet you should have a balance of these two groups of food.
Carbohydrates and protein
Carbohydrates help to _______ blood sugar and give you _______ energy
Raise blood sugar
Proteins give you ________ energy.
We should include ___ to ___ food groups at each meal
3 to 4
We should include __ to __ food groups at snacks.
2 to 3
We should include ________ and ______________ foods in a balanced meal or snack.
Caffeine and high sugar foods
What are some time saving strategies to make balanced eating easier? (6 points)
- keep healthy choices in hand
- pack food the night before
- pack your food for the day
- make food in large batches
- cut up fruits and veggies
- keep extra snacks for emergency use
** plan your meals for the week, make a grocery list, try cooking new recipes**
How much we eat depends on a few variables. What are these?
- what is suggested in the food guide
- money restrictions
- healthy plate model
- how hungry we are
What is serving size?
Serving size is the amount described on the label that is used to give you information about nutrients
What is portion size?
Portion size is the amount that YOU decide to eat. There is no standard portion size
What is BMR and what does it depend on?
BMR (basal metabolic rate) is the amount of calories burned while resting.
This is dependant on:
- Gender: men have higher BMR than women due to amount of lean muscle
- Age: puberty causes higher BMR rates because of activity, hormone production and the body is growing. As you get older is it harder to control the amount of lean muscle mass
The “plate” method consists of 3 sections, each with its own serving size, plus milk on the side. What are these sections and the sizes?
- Carbohydrates (grain or starchy veggies). Size of your fist= 1 cup = 2 servings
- Protein ( meat & alternatives). Size of your palm= 2.5oz = 1 serving
- Non-starchy veggies 2 handfuls = 2 servings
- plus a glass of milk to drink
Serving sizes and calorie counts are only a guideline. We should aim to __________ (2 points)
- eat a variety of foods from each of the food groups
- start eating when you are just a little bit hungry and stop eating when you are satisfied.
What is the cycle of dieting and why is doesn’t work for many?
- Diet starts (initial weight loss)
- metabolic rate lowers due to lack of calories (body burns less calories)
- brain releases chemicals to tell the body to store fat (starvation stage)
- reach a weight loss plateau
- Frustration begins and you resume old eating habits
- metabolic rate is still slow so you regain more weight than before
THIS IS A CYCLE THAT CONTINUOUSLY OCCURS
Normal eating is __________ and it varies in response to your _______, __________. __________ to food, and your __________.
Normal eating is flexible.
Varies in response to your hunger, schedule, proximity to food, and your feelings.