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Flashcards in Week 4 Deck (95):
1

Any of the large phagocyte cells of the reticuloendothelial system (White blood cells)

Macrophage

2

"Cell-Eating" endocytosis forming a phagosome or food vacuole

Phagocytosis

3

Made out of proteins called tubulins

microtubules

4

Not stained strongly or definitely by either acid or basic dyes but stained readily by neutral dyes

Neutrophil

5

White blood cell stained easily by acid dye

Eosinophil

6

Responsible for movement of white blood cells

Pseudopod

7

White blood cell that stains readily by basic (alkalyne) dye

Basophil

8

Biggest reservoir in spleen, phagocytic WBC having a single well-defined nucleus and very fine granulation in the cytoplasm

Monocyte

9

A smart cell, colorless cell found in the blood, lymph and lymphoid tissues involved in antibody production

Lymphocyte

10

Known as party animals, cell or fragments circulating in blood involved in cellular mechanisms of primary homeostasis leading to formation of blood clots

Platelets or thrombocytes

11

A synonym for coglobulation

Haemostasis

12

Blockage of the pulmonary artery by foreign matter or by a blood clot

Pulmonary Embolism

13

Scarcity of a few or lack of

-penia

14

Infection of the blood or presence of bacteria in bloodstream

Septicemia

15

Too many immature WBC, cancer of the blood or bone marrow

Leukemia

16

moving in closer to midline of the body

Adduction

17

moving away from the midline of the body

Abduction

18

Immature red blood cells small & pale in cells. Low iron or malnutrition.

Hypochronic Anemia

19

Beta Chain, Alpha Chain and B12, iron containing respiratory pigment in red blood cells of vertebrates consisting of about 6% heme and 94% globin

Hemoglobin

20

Takes Oxygen from hemoglobin. A single chain iron-containing protein found in muscle fibers structurally similar to a single subunit of hemoglobin and having a higher affinity for oxygen than hemoglobin of the blood

Myoglobin

21

Acronym for a heart attack

Myocardial Infarction MI

22

Blood supply to the heart interrupted

AMI - Acute Myocardial Infarction

23

A restriction of blood

Ischemia

24

A complex network of lymphoid organs

lymphatic system

25

Masses of lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx

Adenoids

26

Meaning around

Peri

27

Accumulation of lymphatic fluid that causes swelling in arms, legs and other parts of the body

lymphoedema

28

Caused by a parasite & infectious tropical disease, swelling of interstitial fluid of lymphs

lymphatic Filariasis

29

Formerly known as dropsy or hydropsy, swelling of any organ or tissue due to accumulation of excess lymph fluid, can also be on just one side

Edema

30

Metabolic; affecting everything in your body

Systemic

31

Surrounds the cells of multicellular animals or beings

Interstitial/intercellular/tissue fluid

32

Lower than normal level of lymphocytes

Lymphocytopenia

33

Increase in number of lymphocytes in blood

Lymphocytosis

34

Abnormally low number of neutrophil granulocytes (no color)

Neutropenia

35

Capture antigens and peptides using special receptors. Process and display the peptides so immune cells can respond/attack.

Dendritic cell

36

Decrease in number of circulating white blood cells

Leukopenia

37

Increase in number of circulating white blood cells

Leukocytosis

38

Tumor of the lymphnode; grows in bones; also known as Burkitt's

Lymphoma

39

Inflammation of the lymphatic channels. Infection occurs at distal site

Lymphangitis

40

Hormone produced by the Kidney when there is a drop of Oxygen in the blood

Erythropoietin

41

Anemia caused by bone marrow disease

Aplastic Anemia

42

Low Level of Oxygen in the blood

Hypoxia

43

T/F Humans carry 22 pairs of chromosomes in total

False, 23

44

An allele that causes a phenotype (visible characteristic) only seen in homozygous genotype is also known as ____________ gene

Recessive

45

T/F A Genotype is solely responsible for the phenotype

False

46

Osis means

a formation of

47

Itis means

Infection/inflammation

48

cele means

hernia

49

eal, iac, and ose all mean

pertaining to

50

meta means

change

51

oma means

tumor

52

The organ system that moves substances to and from cells

Cardiovascular system

53

In Heartbeat & Heart sounds, Diastole occurs when the _______ __________

Ventricles relax

54

In Heartbeat & Heart sounds, Systole occurs when the _______ __________

Ventricles contract

55

T/F Arteries do not have valves

True, veins have valves not arteries

56

The rapid, irregular and unsynchronized contraction of the muscle fibers

Fibrillation

57

Inflammation or infection of the muscles

Myositis

58

A neuromuscular disease leading to fluctuating weakness and fatiguability

Myastenia gravis

59

A group of muscles that is supplied by a nerve of the spine. Any cells in early embryos that give rise to all muscles in the body.

Myotome

60

muscles and joint pain

Arthromyalgia

61

The shrinking size of some structure or organ of the body, usually caused by injury, disease or lack of use

Atrophy

62

The under developing in size of some structure or organ of the body, usually caused by disease or lack of use or hormonal deficiency. Diff from Achondroplasia bc limbs are the same size as the rest of the body.

Hypotrophy

63

The over developing in size of some structure or organ of the body, usually caused by excess of use or hormonal stimulation

Hypertrophy

64

Inflammation of the heart sac

Pericarditis

65

This usually hurts when you hit your shins

Periostium

66

Anything inducing vomit

Hematic

67

Vomiting with blood

Hematemisis

68

A rumbling noise produced by the movement of gas thru the intestines

Borborygmus

69

Passage of stools containing blood

Hematochezia

70

CBC means

Complete Blood Count

71

The breaking down of a cell or bacteria

Lysis

72

The branch of medicine that is concerned with the lung function and disease

Pneumology

73

Within and behind the nose (related to the sense of smell).

Olfactory

74

A sack or cavity in any organ or tissue, or an abnormal cavity or passage caused by the destruction of tissue.

Sinuses

75

Air-filled spaces, communicating with the nasal cavity, within the bones of the skull and face.

Paranasal sinuses

76

The paranasal sinuses are joined to the nasal cavity via small orifices.

Ostia

77

The section of the alimentary canal that extends from the mouth and nasal cavities to the larynx, where it becomes continuous with the esophagus.

Pharynx

78

Voice box

Larynx

79

The thin elastic cartilaginous structure located at the root of the tongue that folds over the glottis to prevent food and liquid from entering the trachea during the act of swallowing.

Epiglottis

80

A thin-walled, cartilaginous tube descending from the larynx to the bronchi and carrying air to the lungs. Also called windpipe.

Trachea

81

The two main branches of the trachea, leading directly to the lung.

Bronchi

82

The fine, thin-walled, tubular extensions of a bronchus.

Bronchioles

83

A tiny, thin-walled, capillary-rich sac in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place. Also called air sac.

Alveoli

84

The region in mammals between the pleural sacs, containing the heart and all of the thoracic viscera except the lungs.

Mediastinum

85

A muscular membranous partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities and functioning in respiration.

Diaphragm

86

A thin serous membrane in mammals that envelops each lungs and folds back to make a lining for the chest cavity.

Pleura

87

The area through which ducts, nerves, or blood vessels enter and leave a gland or organ

Hilum

88

Surgical removal of the adenoids.

Adenoidectomy

89

The tissue of the lungs performing its function; alveoli and the small bronchioles.

Pulmonary Parenchyma

90

A chronic reversible respiratory disease that is characterized by sudden recurring attacks of labored breathing, chest constriction, coughing. Triggered by cold, allergies, pollution, emotional factors, and other unidentified factors.

Asthma

91

Defined clinically as persistent cough that produces sputum matter that is coughed up from the respiratory tract, for at least three months in two consecutive years.

Chronic bronchitis

92

A pathological condition of the lungs marked by an abnormal increase in the size of the air space, resulting in labored breathing and an increased susceptibility to infection. It can be caused by irreversible expansion of the alveoli or by the destruction of alveolar wall.

Emphysema

93

a collection of air or gas in the space surrounding the lung.

Pneumothorax

94

Cessation of breathing

Apnea

95

Difficulty in breathing

Dyspnea