Flashcards in Week 4 Deck (95):
Any of the large phagocyte cells of the reticuloendothelial system (White blood cells)
"Cell-Eating" endocytosis forming a phagosome or food vacuole
Made out of proteins called tubulins
Not stained strongly or definitely by either acid or basic dyes but stained readily by neutral dyes
White blood cell stained easily by acid dye
Responsible for movement of white blood cells
White blood cell that stains readily by basic (alkalyne) dye
Biggest reservoir in spleen, phagocytic WBC having a single well-defined nucleus and very fine granulation in the cytoplasm
A smart cell, colorless cell found in the blood, lymph and lymphoid tissues involved in antibody production
Known as party animals, cell or fragments circulating in blood involved in cellular mechanisms of primary homeostasis leading to formation of blood clots
Platelets or thrombocytes
A synonym for coglobulation
Blockage of the pulmonary artery by foreign matter or by a blood clot
Scarcity of a few or lack of
Infection of the blood or presence of bacteria in bloodstream
Too many immature WBC, cancer of the blood or bone marrow
moving in closer to midline of the body
moving away from the midline of the body
Immature red blood cells small & pale in cells. Low iron or malnutrition.
Beta Chain, Alpha Chain and B12, iron containing respiratory pigment in red blood cells of vertebrates consisting of about 6% heme and 94% globin
Takes Oxygen from hemoglobin. A single chain iron-containing protein found in muscle fibers structurally similar to a single subunit of hemoglobin and having a higher affinity for oxygen than hemoglobin of the blood
Acronym for a heart attack
Myocardial Infarction MI
Blood supply to the heart interrupted
AMI - Acute Myocardial Infarction
A restriction of blood
A complex network of lymphoid organs
Masses of lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx
Accumulation of lymphatic fluid that causes swelling in arms, legs and other parts of the body
Caused by a parasite & infectious tropical disease, swelling of interstitial fluid of lymphs
Formerly known as dropsy or hydropsy, swelling of any organ or tissue due to accumulation of excess lymph fluid, can also be on just one side
Metabolic; affecting everything in your body
Surrounds the cells of multicellular animals or beings
Lower than normal level of lymphocytes
Increase in number of lymphocytes in blood
Abnormally low number of neutrophil granulocytes (no color)
Capture antigens and peptides using special receptors. Process and display the peptides so immune cells can respond/attack.
Decrease in number of circulating white blood cells
Increase in number of circulating white blood cells
Tumor of the lymphnode; grows in bones; also known as Burkitt's
Inflammation of the lymphatic channels. Infection occurs at distal site
Hormone produced by the Kidney when there is a drop of Oxygen in the blood
Anemia caused by bone marrow disease
Low Level of Oxygen in the blood
T/F Humans carry 22 pairs of chromosomes in total
An allele that causes a phenotype (visible characteristic) only seen in homozygous genotype is also known as ____________ gene
T/F A Genotype is solely responsible for the phenotype
a formation of
eal, iac, and ose all mean
The organ system that moves substances to and from cells
In Heartbeat & Heart sounds, Diastole occurs when the _______ __________
In Heartbeat & Heart sounds, Systole occurs when the _______ __________
T/F Arteries do not have valves
True, veins have valves not arteries
The rapid, irregular and unsynchronized contraction of the muscle fibers
Inflammation or infection of the muscles
A neuromuscular disease leading to fluctuating weakness and fatiguability
A group of muscles that is supplied by a nerve of the spine. Any cells in early embryos that give rise to all muscles in the body.
muscles and joint pain
The shrinking size of some structure or organ of the body, usually caused by injury, disease or lack of use
The under developing in size of some structure or organ of the body, usually caused by disease or lack of use or hormonal deficiency. Diff from Achondroplasia bc limbs are the same size as the rest of the body.
The over developing in size of some structure or organ of the body, usually caused by excess of use or hormonal stimulation
Inflammation of the heart sac
This usually hurts when you hit your shins
Anything inducing vomit
Vomiting with blood
A rumbling noise produced by the movement of gas thru the intestines
Passage of stools containing blood
Complete Blood Count
The breaking down of a cell or bacteria
The branch of medicine that is concerned with the lung function and disease
Within and behind the nose (related to the sense of smell).
A sack or cavity in any organ or tissue, or an abnormal cavity or passage caused by the destruction of tissue.
Air-filled spaces, communicating with the nasal cavity, within the bones of the skull and face.
The paranasal sinuses are joined to the nasal cavity via small orifices.
The section of the alimentary canal that extends from the mouth and nasal cavities to the larynx, where it becomes continuous with the esophagus.
The thin elastic cartilaginous structure located at the root of the tongue that folds over the glottis to prevent food and liquid from entering the trachea during the act of swallowing.
A thin-walled, cartilaginous tube descending from the larynx to the bronchi and carrying air to the lungs. Also called windpipe.
The two main branches of the trachea, leading directly to the lung.
The fine, thin-walled, tubular extensions of a bronchus.
A tiny, thin-walled, capillary-rich sac in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place. Also called air sac.
The region in mammals between the pleural sacs, containing the heart and all of the thoracic viscera except the lungs.
A muscular membranous partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities and functioning in respiration.
A thin serous membrane in mammals that envelops each lungs and folds back to make a lining for the chest cavity.
The area through which ducts, nerves, or blood vessels enter and leave a gland or organ
Surgical removal of the adenoids.
The tissue of the lungs performing its function; alveoli and the small bronchioles.
A chronic reversible respiratory disease that is characterized by sudden recurring attacks of labored breathing, chest constriction, coughing. Triggered by cold, allergies, pollution, emotional factors, and other unidentified factors.
Defined clinically as persistent cough that produces sputum matter that is coughed up from the respiratory tract, for at least three months in two consecutive years.
A pathological condition of the lungs marked by an abnormal increase in the size of the air space, resulting in labored breathing and an increased susceptibility to infection. It can be caused by irreversible expansion of the alveoli or by the destruction of alveolar wall.
a collection of air or gas in the space surrounding the lung.
Cessation of breathing