Week 9: Race and Ethnicity Flashcards Preview

Sociology 240 > Week 9: Race and Ethnicity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 9: Race and Ethnicity Deck (23):
1

Describe this week's paradox.

Race as we know it has no deterministic, biological basis: all the same, race is so powerful that it can have life-or-death consequences.

LIFE OR DEATH.

2

Race

Group of people who share a set of characteristics - typically, but not always, physical ones - and are said to share a common bloodline.

Race DIDN'T always exist, and it's changing. Was invented in the 17th century with the invention with slavery.

3

Racism

The belief that members of separate races possess different and unequal traits.

4

Scientific Racism

Nineteenth century period of feverish investigation into the origins, explanations, and classifications of race.

C - O - E

5

Describe Ethnocentrism

The belief that one's own culture or group is better than that of others and the tendency to view all other cultures from the perspective of your own.

CENTER - Revolves around you/your culture.

6

Ontological Equality

The philosophical and religious notion that everyone is created equal.

7

Social Darwinism

The application of Darwinian ideas to society, namely, the evolutionary "survival of the fittest."

8

Eugenics

"well-born"

the theory of controlling fertility of populations to influence inheritable traits passed on from generation to generation.

9

Nativism

Movement to protect and preserve indigenous land or culture from the allegedly dangerous and polluting effects of new immigrants.

NATIVES MOVED TO PRESERVED THEIR LAND

10

One-drop rule

The belief that "one-drop" of black blood makes a person black

evolved from U.S. laws forbidding miscegenation.

11

Miscegenation

Interracial marriage

"a mixing of kinds"

GENERATIONS MIX KINDS

12

Racialization

The formation of a new racial identity

13

Ethnicity

One's ethnic quality or affiliation.

It is voluntary, self-defined, non-hierarchical, fluid, and multiple, and based on cultural differences, not physical ones per

14

Symbolic Ethnicity

A nationality identifying with a past or future nationality.

SYMBOLS

15

Straight-line assimilation

Robert Park's 1920's universal and linear model for how immigrants assimilate: they first arrive, then settle, and achieve full assimilation in a newly homogenous country.

3 - STEPS. Arrival. Settle. Assimilate. Like arriving at a new house for dinner.

16

Pluralism

The presence and engaged coexistence of numerous distinct groups in one society.

17

Segregation

The legal or social separation of people based on their race or ethnicity.

18

Genocide

The mass killing of a group of based on racial, ethnic, or religious traits.

19

Collective Resistance

An organized effort to change a power hierarchy on the part of less-powerful group in a society.

20

Prejudice

Thoughts and feelings about an ethic or racial group.

21

Discrimination

Harmful or negative acts against people deemed inferior on the basis of their racial category without regard to their individual merit.

22

Institutional Racism

Institutions that may seem race-neutral but actually disadvantage minority groups.

Economy, education, state, and housing. Wealth income, and education.

23

Racial Buzzwords

Colorblind: not seeing people's experience. Post-racial. Affirmative action.