Western Art Flashcards Preview

art history > Western Art > Flashcards

Flashcards in Western Art Deck (74)
Loading flashcards...
1

Illuminations

-사본을 금은, 색채, 삽화, 문양 등으로 장식하는 것.

2

Calligraphy

-decorative handwriting, particularly as produced with a brush or a pen

3

scriptorium

-서양중세, 수도원에 있던 사본제작소. 서구에서 중요한 의미를 갖는 것은 로마네스크 시대까지라고 할 수 있고 고딕 시대가 되면 사본제작은 세속적인 작가의 아틀리에로 옮겨진다.

4

portal

-큰 건축물에 붙은 비교적 호화로운 현관 출입구.

5

tympanum

-a semicircular space above the doors of a cathedral.

6

Gregorian Chant

-Consisted of a single note for each syllable of a word. Designed to aid in prayer. the melody is based entirely on the words of the text. no accompanying line provides harmony and no repeated rhythm provides musical form: the text dominates the musical structure. the only element of musical variety is the contrast bw a single voice and massed voices.

7

Monophonic music

-one or many voices singing a single melodic line

8

polyphonic music

-a form of musical expression characterized by many voices. adding parallel voices at different musical intervals above the line of chant.

9

melismatic music

-a group of notes or tones sung to a single syllable of text.

10

syllabic music

-contrast to melismatic music. Syllabic music is music that uses syllabic text setting for the lyrics.

11

proper of mass

-the readings from the gospels or epistles, refers to those parts of the roman chatholic liturgy예배식 that change daily.

12

ordinary of mass

-refers to those parts of the roman catholic liturgy that do not change from day to day, in contrast to the propers.

13

Rules of st Benedict- some details

-consists of a prologue and 73 chapters which set out the ideal of monastic life.

14

Amubulatory

-in a church, a continuation of the side aisles into a passageway that extends behind the choir and apse and allows traffic to flow to the chapels, which are often placed in this area. (to walk)

15

floor plan of a cathedral

-

16

transcept

-the side parts of a church plan with a crossing square, crossing the nave at right angles.

17

choir

-in architecture, the part of a church occupied by singers, usulally located between a transept and the major apse.

18

organum

-an early form of polyphony using multiple melodic lines.

19

motet

-usually three voices. generally based on secular poems

20

scholasticism

-the system of philosophy and theology taught in medieval european universities, based on Aristotelian logic and the writings of early church fathers; the term has come to imply insistence on traditional doctrine.

21

flying buttresses

-an arched masonry벽돌 support which carries the thrust of a roof or a wall away from the main structure of a building to an outer pier or buttress.

22

mysticism of light

-an ascending hierarchy of existence that ranges from inert mineral matter to the purity of light, which is God.

23

stained glass

-The ultimate medieval expression of beauty. hight point of the mysticism of light is expressed in the stained glass window. IT was the medium through which the light was seen directly, even if it was subtly muted into diverse colors and combinations of colors.

24

fresco

-a type of painting in which pigments are applied to a fresh, wet plaster surface or wall and thereby become part of the surface or wall.

25

foreschortening

-a perspective technique used to convey the appearance of contraction of a figure or object as it recedes into space.

26

linear perspective

-a system of organizing space in two dimensional media in which lines that are in reality parallel and horizontal are represented as converging diagonals; the method is based on foreshortening, in which the space between the lines grows smaller until it disappears, just as objects appear to grow smaller as they become more distant.

27

atmospheric perspective

-Atmospheric perspective creates the illusion of depth by increasingly blurring the lines and DETAILS of objects or figures as the IMAGE regresses into the distance, as it would in nature.

28

painting forms

-linear perspective, atmospheric perspective.

29

humanism

-check

30

line engraving

-an image created by cutting into or corroding with acid the surface of a metal plate or wooden block, such that a number of prints of the image can be made by pressing paper of paperlike materials agianst the plate or block.