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Flashcards in Western Art Music Deck (69)
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Opera baroque

started by Monteverdi. Combine of story, solo singing, choir singing, orchestra, full theater effects of costumes, sets, special effects, acting. Other countries keep using Italian language which limits audience. based on ancient greeek stories.
-dramatic performance in which the text is sung rather than spoken.


oratorio baroque

sounds like opera except there are no set, coustumes, acting.. It is like concert version of opera. Still have large ansenble. The stories are always based on OT and vernactular(language of audience).GF Handel is famous. NOT played during church service.


cantata baroque

Mini oratorio. Small every thing. Under 30 minutes. Often performed during church holidays.
-sacred cantatas- church perfomred.
-secular- contemorary issues of society.


recitative baroque

a simple melodic structure and is used to say great deal of text. not fully singing. Narrative. And then it goes Aria, which is a beautiful song. singers added their own virtuoso run and ornament.
-the free declaration of a vocal line, with only a simple instrumental accompaniment for support.


aria chiaroscuro baroque

-from the italian for light-dark. and artistic technique in which subtle gradations of value create the illusion of rounded, three dimensional forms in space. also called modeling.


harpsichord baroque

improvised by the performer. back ground instrument. sounds like rhythm guitar in rock. It provide the harmonic and basic rhythm energy.


dance suite baroque

collection of popular dance forms played by orchestra. sometimes danced too and sometimes just listened too.


landscape baroque



genre secnes baroque



still life baroque



group portrait baroque



versailles complex baroque



Bach baroque

-german. religious fervor, illusionism, emotionalism. -Arnstadt church organist
-"well-tempered Clavier"
-Passions: "st. john" and "st. matthew" (just a couple of them)
-"The art of the Fugue"
-put stamps on his works (Jesus, judia and soli deo gloria)
Bach Considered the ultimate Baroque composer. master of the organ and whose music epitomized the particular manifestation of the Baroque time period.


Handel baroque

-patronage of Queen Anne of England
able to focus on his music because he had her to support him
wrote twelve Concerti Grossi
--Italian Operas
-"water music" (written for bday of K. George III
and "messiah"
German-born composer who mastered in Italian opera and spent most of his adult life as England;s leading composer. Composed many cantatas. Examples: Messiah, Rinaldo, and Ombra Mai Fu


caravaggio baroque

-tenebrism. live model. light using. italy


velazquez baroque

-spain. painter of king. the maids of honor.


rubens baroque

-flander. painter of duke. dramatic chiaroscuro and theatrical presentation of subject matter. dynamic and passion. The rape of the daughter of leucippus.diamond shape.


rembrandt baroque

-holland. golden toned. phychology of a particualr situation.use of light showing just face. large group partrait.


king louis 14- what did he do name something they created

-created versailles. in paris. classic style but the massive scale is baroque.


instrumentation of a baroque orchestra

-improvised harpsichord in background everywhere tht provide the harmonic and basic rhythm energy.
-string orchestra has violin1,2, viola, cello. the string orchestra was standardized and the compsoer would always have these players.
-woodwinds- recorder or flute, oboe, bassoon NOT CLARINET
-Brass- trumpet and horn NO VALVES
-timpani used occasionly.
-music was written for whatever the composer has. so there is woodwinds and brass combinations.
-music was played couple times and people wanted NEW
-Melody is usually not broken up.


who started opera baroque

1607. Monteverdi composes Orfeo the first opera, based on ancient Greek stories.


emotional power of rembrandts paintings baroque

-concentrated on the personality of the sitter or the psychology of a particulaar situation rather than on surface characteristics. use of light and shade to focus the viewer's attention on the key figures.


how were the painting styles different bw the catholic church art, aristocratic/ king arts, and middle class arts of netherlands baroque

-catholic church- use of light. sacred.
-king- elegance, vivid and soft brush stroke. showing their dignity. holland started turn away from creating false idols and creaate everday life. free market. landscap, still life, genre paintings. realism.


baroque music style-sound

-development of harmonic progressions. and use of major and minor scales and keys.
-many separate movements which are combined into a unified piece.
-one melody and one emotional mood in a movement.
-use of counterpoint which combines melodie and counter melodies on top.


Baroque music style-music

-composed for church services, sacred music concert, king, courts,public or wealthy patron concert, amatueur players and in small rooms.
-music for solo, duets, trios, quartets, medium and large ensembles.
-used for ballet, dance, operas, oratorios, cantatas, outdoor and indoor concert,....

-orchestras accompanied all ballets, operas, oratorios, cantatas.
-many chamber music pieces for background music for event.

-Concerto- a piece for 1-4 solo parts accompanied by the rest of the orchestra.
-sonata- a multi movement peice for instruments(2 up to the full orchestra)


Age of Enlightenment

-a philosophical movement of the late 17th and 18th centuries that challenged tradition, stressed reason over blind faith or obedience, and encouraged scientific thought.


rococo style art

-an 18th century style of painting and of interior design that featured lavish ornamentation. rococo painting was characterized by light colors, wit, and playfulness. Rococo interios had ornamental mirrors, small sculptures and reliefs, wall paintings, and elegant furnichings.





Haydn-name something that he created Classical

-classical. the most important in therms of developing the classical era music styles, compositional forms, traditions. he is noted for his symphonies, chamber music and for some of his sacred choral pieces. Tend to work for princes or wealthy patrons. symphony is perfected by Haydn.
-london symphoies.


mozart-name something that he created Classical

-the brilliant genus of the era. His mature symphones, operas, chamber music, concertos, etc are all the finest examples of music from any era. Work for commissions and his own concert
-symphony no.40