Flashcards in Western classical Deck (46)
What is a basso continuo or continuo?(3)
-bassoon/cello play bass line
-along with the harpsichord
-organ for the continuo
What notation is figure bass?
consisted of numbers written below the bass line
why is the harpsichord played at the front of the orchestra?
Because it directed the orchestra and they could all see it
Name 3 composers in the Baroque period
What period is Baroque?
Give the tempo, metre and features of the following:
Allemande- Moderate- 4/4- stately character
Courante- Fast- 3/4- lively/ dotted rhythms
Sarabande- Slow- 3/2- decorated/trills/serious
Minuet- moderate- 3/4- elegant
Gigue- fast- 6/8- jig/lively/irish folk
What does a ground bass piece usually start on?
Bass line on its own!
what are the 4 properties of Ground bass?
- Repeated melodic patterns (ostinato)
- Commonly played on cello or organ
- new layers are added gradually
- famous piece- Pachelbels canon
What is a fugue?(3)
-One tune performed
-Then answered using the same tune a fifth higher/ fourth lower
-Then imitated by 2 or more voices
what is a concerto grosso?(2)
-Group of soloists( concertante)
-Played with an orchestra (ripieno)
what is a solo concerto?
one soloist played with an orchestra
What is a sonata?(2)
- Solo instruments accompanied by the cello and harpsichord
- 3 or 4 contrasting movements (mini pieces)
What are small groups of instruments called?
what does tutti mean?
All or everyone
What does ritornello mean?
What is a lute?(4)
- string family
has a sound box
- forerunner to a guitar
What is a cadenza?(3)
-inserted into a movement in a concerto or other musical work
-typically near the end.
Name 4 classical composers
What are the main differences between baroque and classical music?(2)
-The harpsichord that led the audience has changed to a conductor
-classical is highly decorated with trills etc
What is the classical style galant?
Courtly style aimed to chiefly please the listener
What voices are these:
Soprano- High female voice
Treble- Boys high unbroken voice
Mezzo Soprano- Medium high female voice
Counter-tenor- male alto or soprano (falsetto0
What voices are these:
Alto- High male or low female
Tenor- high male voice
baritone- medium male voice
Bass- lowest male voice
What is Syllabic and Melismatic?
Syllabic- One note per syllable
Melismatic- multiple notes per syllable
What is vibrato?
A rich wobble in the voice
What does lied mean?
German for song
What is a madrigal?
A piece of music that was written for voice
What is a refrain?
Another word for chorus
What is imitation?
Repetition of a phrase or melody often in differed pitches or keys
Define sacred and Secular
Sacred- religious. words in the song about religion
Secular- non religious. words in song are not about religion