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Flashcards in Western classical Deck (46)
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1

BAOQUE
What is a basso continuo or continuo?(3)

-bassoon/cello play bass line
-along with the harpsichord
-organ for the continuo

2

BAROQUE
What notation is figure bass?

consisted of numbers written below the bass line

3

BAROQUE
why is the harpsichord played at the front of the orchestra?

Because it directed the orchestra and they could all see it

4

Name 3 composers in the Baroque period

J.C.Bach
Vivaldi
Handel

5

What period is Baroque?

1600-1750

6

BAROQUE
Give the tempo, metre and features of the following:

Allemande
Courante
Sarabande
Minuet
Gigue

Allemande- Moderate- 4/4- stately character
Courante- Fast- 3/4- lively/ dotted rhythms
Sarabande- Slow- 3/2- decorated/trills/serious
Minuet- moderate- 3/4- elegant
Gigue- fast- 6/8- jig/lively/irish folk

7

BAROQUE
What does a ground bass piece usually start on?

Bass line on its own!

8

BAROQUE
what are the 4 properties of Ground bass?

- Repeated melodic patterns (ostinato)
- Commonly played on cello or organ
- new layers are added gradually
- famous piece- Pachelbels canon

9

What is a fugue?(3)

-One tune performed
-Then answered using the same tune a fifth higher/ fourth lower
-Then imitated by 2 or more voices

10

what is a concerto grosso?(2)

-Group of soloists( concertante)
-Played with an orchestra (ripieno)

11

what is a solo concerto?

one soloist played with an orchestra

12

What is a sonata?(2)

- Solo instruments accompanied by the cello and harpsichord
- 3 or 4 contrasting movements (mini pieces)

13

What are small groups of instruments called?

Concertino/ concertante

14

what does tutti mean?

All or everyone

15

What does ritornello mean?

little return

16

What is a lute?(4)

- string family
- frets
- plucked
has a sound box
- forerunner to a guitar

17

What is a cadenza?(3)

-virtuoso solo
-inserted into a movement in a concerto or other musical work
-typically near the end.

18

Name 4 classical composers

Hayden
Beethoven
Mozart
Schubert

19

What are the main differences between baroque and classical music?(2)

-The harpsichord that led the audience has changed to a conductor
-classical is highly decorated with trills etc

20

What is the classical style galant?

Courtly style aimed to chiefly please the listener

21

What voices are these:
Soprano
Treble
Mezzo Soprano
Counter-tenor

Soprano- High female voice
Treble- Boys high unbroken voice
Mezzo Soprano- Medium high female voice
Counter-tenor- male alto or soprano (falsetto0

22

What voices are these:
Alto
Tenor
baritone
Bass

Alto- High male or low female
Tenor- high male voice
baritone- medium male voice
Bass- lowest male voice

23

VOICES
What is Syllabic and Melismatic?

Syllabic- One note per syllable
Melismatic- multiple notes per syllable

24

VOICES
What is vibrato?

A rich wobble in the voice

25

LIED
What does lied mean?

German for song

26

VOICES
What is a madrigal?

A piece of music that was written for voice

27

VOICES
What is a refrain?

Another word for chorus

28

VOICES
What is imitation?

Repetition of a phrase or melody often in differed pitches or keys

29

VOICES
Define sacred and Secular

Sacred- religious. words in the song about religion
Secular- non religious. words in song are not about religion

30

FOLK
name 5 instruments in folk music

Tin Whistle
Northumbrian pipes
accordion
fiddle
banjo