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Flashcards in Theory Deck (34)
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1

What is a riff/ostinato?

repeated pattern

2

What do these words mean?
Homophonic
Polyphonic
Monophonic

Homophonic- A single part with chords
Polyphonic- multiple parts interweaving
Monophonic- Single part (on its own)

3

What do these words mean?
Largo
Andante
Moderato
Allegro
Vivace

Largo- Slowly
Andante- walking pace
Moderato- At moderate speed
Allegro- Fast
Vivace- Lively

4

What does Ostinato mean?

Repeating pattern

5

What does a polyrhythm mean?

Rhythms interweaving

6

What is Syncopation?

Off beat rhythm

7

what is rubato?

Pulling temo around

8

What is Hemiola?

3 against 2 (Triplets over 2 beats)

9

What Does tonality mean?

Major or Minor

10

Describe all of these cadences

perfect
Imperfect
Interrupted
Plagal
Tierce de picardie

perfect- 5-1 - sounds finished
Imperfect - anything-5 - sounds unfinished
Interrupted- 5-6 sounds unfinished
Plagal 4-1 - amen, end of piece
Tierce de picardie - minor-major

11

What is the rhymes for:
Minor 2nd and a major 2nd

Minor second- Fur elise
Major 2nd- Happy Birthday

12

What are the rhymes for the interval:
Minor 3rd
major 3rd

minor 3rd- hey jude
major 3rd- swing low

13

What are the rhymes for the interval:
perfect 4th
argumented 4th
perfect 5th

perfect 4th- amazing grace
augmented 4th- the simpsons
perfect 5th- twinkle twinkle little star

14

What are the rhymes for the interval:
minor 6th
major 6th

minor 6th- the entertainer
major 6th- my bonnie lies over the ocean

15

what are the rhymes for the interval;
Minor 7th
major 7th
perfect octave

minor 7th- winner takes it all
major 7th- take on me
perfect octave- somewhere over the rainbow

16

Name the forms:
AAA,
AB
ABA
ABACA, or ABACADA

Strophic - AAA
Binary - AB
Ternary - ABA
Rondo - ABACA, or ABACADA

17

What is a virtuoso?

someone who has developed highly skilled techniques of performance on one particular instrument

18

What is word painting

Writing music that reflects the literal meaning of the song

19

What does strophic and through-composed mean?

strophic- using same melody for verses
Through-composed- different music for each verse throughout the song

20

What is a timbre?

Instrumental family

21

What does dissonance mean?

clashing of chords

22

What does conjunct and disjunct mean?

conjunct- melodies moving in steps
disjunct- melodies moving in leaps

23

Define these:
grace note
acciaccatura
An appoggiatura
A trill
A mordent

single note ornament such as the acciaccatura or appoggiatura.

played as quickly as possible before the note that follows it. It is sometimes called a crush note.

leans on the main note taking part of its value.

formed by quickly playing the note and the note above it alternately.

formed by playing the note, the note above and then back to the first note.

24

What are some rhythmic devices?

Syncopation
Cross rhythm
Polyrhythm
Triplets

25

what is a anacrusis?

down beat

26

What is simple time? Give two examples
What is compound time? Give two examples.

Tempo with a crotchet beat. Examples=2/4 and 4/4
Tempo with a quaver beat. Examples= 6/8 12/8

27

What is augmentation?
What is diminution?

Lengthening rhythms.
Shortening rhythms.

28

What is contrapuntal?

Lots of parts weaving in and out of each other.

29

What is pizzicato?

It's when it is plucked.

30

what is sforzando?

It is an indication to make a strong, sudden accent on a note or chord.