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Flashcards in western rebellion Deck (29):

when did the Western rebellion take place



who was the leader of the rebellion and what was he like as a leader

Sir Humphrey Arundell - part of the lower gentry and so lacked military strategic and education


what were the religious causes of the rebellion

-six article act of 1539 stated that catholic services and sacraments would be upheld after the death of Henry VIII, Edward made changes to the catholic prayer book


what changes did Edward make to the catholic prayer book

-protestant prayer book issued in 1549 = church services to be said in English as opposed to latin, transubstantiation taken out of services


who helped Edward to change the catholic prayer book

the Duke of Somerset and Cranmer embarked on destroying Catholic practices


what act was established in 1548

abolition of chantries (provided nursing and education)


what were the economic causes of the rebellion

numerous taxes being made hard resulted in the common people from suffering from high rent increases, debasement of the coinage and inflation


what happened to inflation between 1547-47

wheat prices quadrupled which had an alarming impact on farming


what act was passed in 1549

the act of uniformity - unlawful to use latin liturgical rites


when was the first outbreak within the rebllion

a year before the actual rebellion took place - in April 1548 William Body was murdered within the town of helston


who was William Body

a much hated government commissioner who overlooked the destruction of church images


what happened as a result of the outbreak in helston

ten men were ordered to be hung, drawn and quartered showing the brutality of the government


what happened at Courtenay in 1549

the citizens rebelled, and when a member of the gentry intervened he was killed by the rebels


where did the rebels march after Courtenay

to Crediton - where Arundell established a Cornish force of 6000 and fortified the town


what was the government response to the rebels in Crediton

the government, under Peter Carew, sent a small force with instructions to show leniency when dealing with the rebels


how effective was Peter caress leadership

Carew failed to meet with rebels and an accidental burning of barns in Crediton made tensions with the rebels worse


what strategic decision did Arundell make after the rebellion in Crediton

to instead capture Exeter instead of marching towards London - a strategic mistake


what was the government response to failure of Carew

Carew was replaced by Lord Russel to deal with the rebellion


how effective was the leadership of lord Russel

russel was brutal in the way he dealt with the rebels - equipped with 8,000 mercenaries


what happened on august 3rd

mercenaries arrive, under lord grey, to support Russel, enabling them to march on Exeter


what happened on the 6th of august

after just 3 days, Russel had defeated the rebels in battles such as Cyst St Mary


what happened on august 16th

Russel led a royal army against the reformed rebels in Sampford Courtenay - in total 4,000 rebels were killed in their defeat


what were the political impacts of the rebellion

Marshall law was established in Cornwall and Somerset was arrested and removed from council


what is martial law

direct military control normal civilian functions of government


what were the economic impacts of the rebellion

subsidy act (which justified taxations, established in 1534 by Cromwell) was appealed - Edwardian government less punishing on peasants


what were the religious impacts of the rebellion

clear that the government were set on making the country protestant, no chances of restoration, just reformation of religion


how effective was Arundel's leadership

kept control, and discipline of the rebels by dividing them into detachments under control of colonels, majors, captains and the clergy


what was the eight articles act drawn up by the rebels

where the rebels expressed their want for the return of the religious beliefs and practices


how effective, overall, was government response to the rebels

government response was slow as a result of Somerset having economic issues - such as the war against Scotland - happening at home