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Flashcards in Wetlands Deck (23):
1

California Department of Fish and Game require the presence of one of what 3 things?

1. Wetland hydrology
2. Hydric Soil
3. Hydrophytic Plants

2

What are Riparian Wetlands?

those that occur next to streams or other bodies of water. MOST COMMON

3

What are the 4 types of wetlands?

freshwater marsh,
riparian wetlands,
wet meadows,
ephemeral stream

4

What are 3 types of streams

perennial (flow all year)
intermittent (seasonally)
ephemeral streams (rainfall only)

5

What are 2 factors of the proposed work that may trigger the need for permits?

the type of work proposed and the timing of work (when season is wet or dry).

6

What is the difference between a discretionary project and ministerial?

discretionary - permitted through a process of judgement
ministerial - permitted by applying the law to facts

7

What factors may trigger need for permit?

proposed work,
location,
biology, and
size of project

8

What is the rule for CEQA exemption? SWPPP?

CEQA Exempt: habitat restoration projects 5 acres or smaller
SWPPP Exempt: less than 1 acre

9

What are the BIG FOUR Permits?

1. USACE 404 Permit (US Army Corps of Engineers)
2. RWQCB 401 Certification
3. CDFG Streambed Alteration Agreement
4. CEQA Compliance

10

What jurisdiction does the US Army Corps Engineers have? Where does it come from?

jurisdiction: "ordinary high water mark"
Clean Water Act regulates areas defined as "waters of the United States"

11

What are the 3 types of USACE 404 Permits?

1. Regional General Permit (RGP) - remove weeds
2. Nationwide Permit (NWP) - repair things
3. Individual Permit (IP) - larger things

12

When is a Regional Water Quality Control Board required?

When using the USACE 404 permit, needs a RWQCB 401 certificate or activity could cause a discharge of dredge or fill into US waters

13

What 2 agencies protect water quality in California?

State Water Resouces Control Board and (9) Regional Water Quality Control Boards

14

When do you need a CDFG (California Fish and Game Code) Streambed Alteration Agreement?

if altering bed, banks or channel bc its "waters of the state" Includes RIPARIAN, bed, and adjacent wetland

15

What code requires CEQA compliance?

CDFG SAA

16

When do you need CEQA compliance?

any "discretionary approval" that is not exampt

17

What are the 3 CEQA Document Types?

Negative Declaration (ND) - not adverse to environment
Mitigated Negative Declaration (MND) - requires mitigation
Environmental Impact Report (EIR) - report of adversity

18

What is a federal nexus?

when federal govt is connected to a project either by owning land withing project limits, funding or requiring a permit

19

what is a frac-out?

accidental release of drilling muds during drilling activities

20

What are impoundments?

area where water is collected behind impermeable structures (like reservoirs)

21

What is an overlay zone?

special conditions

22

What is rip-rap?

layer of rock placed to protect a structure from erosion

23

up-gradient?

upstream