WHAT IS KNOWLEDGE? Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in WHAT IS KNOWLEDGE? Deck (5)
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1

THE TRIPARTITE VIEW

K = J + T + B
- S knows p only if...
p is true, S believes that p, and S is justified in believing p

2

ADDING A 'NO FALSE LEMMAS' CONDITION

K = J + T + B + N
- S knows p only if...
p is true, S believes that p, S is justified in believing p and p was not inferred from a false belief

3

INFALLIBILISM

STRENGTHENS THE JUSTIFICATION CONDITION
- we can only know a proposition if our belief is infallible...
justification in believing p cannot possibly be mistaken, if it is possible to be mistaken S is not justified in believing that p

4

RELIABILISM

K = R + T + B
- S knows p only if...
p is true, S believes that p and S' belief in p is produced by a reliable cognitive process. e.g. perception, memory and testimony

5

VIRTUE EPISTEMOLOGY

K = V + T + B
- S knows p only if...
p is true, S believes that p and S' belief in p is a result of them exercising their 'epistemic' or 'intellectual' virtue