Flashcards in Whiskey and beyond Deck (18):
What are the flavor compounds in peat called?
Days for germination of barely during malting?
What is strike point for whisky production
the temperature needed in mash to covert starches to sugars, which is around 63-64 degrees celisus.
Effect of a short fermentation of a cloudy wort for scotch?
malty spirit results
what happens with a long fermentation of a clear wort ...
more acidic wash, and yeast begins to eat itself ... more flavors and more congeners.
How is Scotch distilled
Pot Stills, usually twice but sometimes 3 times.
Low wines in whisky are?
First distillate from a pot still
What do Scotch producers call the final distillate before aging it?
Size and type of cask for Scotch aging?
700 liters or less
Sherry butts -- broom says they tend to made with european oak
Bourbon Barrels -- charred American oak
Effect of first fill and second fill for scotch
Used oak barrels used more than once; first fill gets more flavor from bourbon or sherry, second less ... and eventually exhausted, may be recharred...all effect final spirit style
Regions of Scotch production and styles
Highlands: wide range of styles, most production here
Islay/Islands: many peated, some heavily peated; still some no peat
Speyside: Highest concentration of producers, many styles
Lowlands: only three distillers; light and gentile style
Campbelltown: was big and oily, but overproduction ruined reputation
Flavor categories of malts
FRUITY: semi dried, peaches, mangos, raisons
OILY: texture...bees was
WOODY: as in American wood/vanilla, cherry, coconut
PEATY smoke, seaweed, tar
What is a spirit plate?
The plate or "fraction" where the alcohol concentrates in a column still.
Name the three major Irish distilleries, starting with the one that produces the most
Middleton -- Jamison, Powers
Middleton's ... general style for malts
backbone uses unmalted barely for spicy, fruity oily style
Most pot still produced whiskeys are blends, but they product two single pot still whiskeys: red breast and Green Spot.
What grains do they use for grain whiskey at Midelton?
mostly corn and wheat, and sometimes unmalted barely
Type of still used for gain whiskey at Midelton?
3 columns ... beer column, hydroselector column and rectifying column